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Details & Cataloguing

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Marcel Duchamp
1887 - 1968
L.H.O.O.Q.
signed, titled and numbered 15/35
graphite and gouache on offset lithograph on paper, in the original japon nacré folder
image: 10 5/8 by 7 1/8 in. 26.9 by 18 cm.
sheet: 11 7/8 by 9 1/8 in. 30.1 by 23.1 cm.
Executed in 1964, this work is number 15 from an edition of 35, plus 3 artist's proofs.
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This work is accompanied by a certificate of authenticity issued by the Association Marcel Duchamp.

Provenance

Gimpel Fils, London
New Art Centre, London
Galerie Ronny Van de Velde, Antwerp
Private Collection, Switzerland
Sotheby’s, London, 7 December 1999, Lot 40
Private Collection
Christie's, New York, Bound To Fail, 8 May 2016, Lot 36A
Acquired from the above sale by Marc Jacobs

Exhibited

Antwerp, Galerie Ronny Van de Velde, Marcel Duchamp, April - July 1991, cat. no. 47
Jerusalem, Israel Museum; Toronto, Art Gallery of Ontario; San Francisco, Legion of Honor, Dreaming with Open Eyes: The Vera, Silvia and Arturo Schwarz Collection of Dada and Surrealist Art from the Israel Museum, December 2000 - September 2002, cat. no. 193, pp. 91 and 151, illustrated in color (another example exhibited)
Jerusalem, Israel Museum, The Beauty of Sanctity: Masterworks from Every Age, March - November 2005, n.p., illustrated in color (another example exhibited)
Jerusalem, Israel Museum, Surrealism and Beyond in the Israel Museum, February - August 2007, pp. 226-227 and 276, illustrated in color (another example exhibited)
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, "Original" Reproductions by Marcel Duchamp, April 2010 (another example exhibited)
New York, Gagosian Gallery, Marcel Duchamp, June - August 2014, pp. 48-49, illustrated in color (another example exhibited)
Pasadena, Norton Simon Museum, Duchamp to Pop, March - August 2016 (another example exhibited)

Literature

Pierre de Massot, Marcel Duchamp—Propos et Souvenirs, Milan 1965
Arturo Schwarz, The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, New York 1970, cat. no. 261, pp. 476-477
Francis M. Naumann, Marcel Duchamp, The Art of Making Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, New York 1999, cat. no. 8.75, pp. 248-249, illustrated in color
Arturo Schwarz, The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, New York 2000, cat. no. 369f, pp. 670-671 
Yigal Zaloma, Ed., The Israel Museum at 40: Masterworks of Beauty and Sanctity, Jerusalem 2005, pp. 51-52, illustrated in color
Francis M. Naumann, The Recurrent, Haunting Ghost: Essays on the Art, Life and Legacy of Marcel Duchamp, New York 2012, fig. 8.11, pp. 89 and 511, illustrated in color

Catalogue Note

“On the simplest level, Duchamp’s banal gesture nominated the Mona Lisa as a man. More exactly, Duchamp created a rudimentary sort of mask that reads instantly as male but does not even pretend to conceal the woman behind the mask. In a sense L.H.O.O.Q. is an artificial hermaphrodite, an image of a woman with that most superficial and nonfunctional characteristic of maleness, a mustache.” – Antoinette LaFarge, “The Bearded Lady and the Shaven Man: Mona Lisa, Meet’ Mona/Leo.’” Leonardo, vol. 29, no. 5, 1996, p. 379

Contemporary Art Day Auction

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New York