Its profoundly great aesthetic and technical quality, and its many gold threads, coheres it to a tapestry kept at the Patrimonio Nacional in Madrid, "Agony in the Garden" from the Passion of Christ series, circa 1518-1522, by Pieter de Pannemaker's workshop in Brussels, after a Bernard van Orley cartoon.
It is also similar to another Passion of the Christ tapestry kept at the Patrimonio Nacional in Madrid depicting the "Descent from the Cross" circa 1507-1520 from Pieter van Aelst's workshop after a cartoon by Jan van Roome dated 1507. This indication is not surprising since the two painters Bernard van Orley and Jan van Roome (active 1498-1521) collaborated closely
This tapestry illustrates the Golden Age of Flemish tapestry during Magaret of Austria's era, an esthete and great collector, as in general were the Dukes of Burgundy, the House of Medici and the Habsburgs. These inventories confirm this and among them "the inventory of Mechelen" cites several tapestries of religious subjects and in particular a recurring Passion of Christ theme, called The Square Passion or The Passion of Magaret of Austria. Most of these woven arts are kept at the Patrimonio Nacional in Madrid.
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