Princess Isabella of Parma (1741-1763), grand-daughter of King Louis XV, grew up at the court of Madrid being the daughter of the Infante Felipe of Spain, Duke of Parma and his wife, Louise Elisabeth of France. Afterwards she was at the paternal duchy of Parma, where Giuseppe Baldrighi, the same painter to whom our portrait is attributed, realized their family portrait in 17551. Some years earlier, at Versailles, Jean-Marc Nattier made a portrait of her and her mother in 1750.2
In 1760, just after the death of her mother, Isabella of Parma married Archduke Joseph of Austria (1764-1790), who later became the emperor Joseph II in 1764. In Vienna, highly praised for her beauty and intelligence, she writes some works but tragically died very young, at only 22 years old, after giving birth to her second daughter.