This Qur’an is particularly exceptional as it combines three different scripts within one text: muhaqqaq, naskh and thuluth. Although examples of Qur’ans in naskh and muhaqqaq or naskh and thuluth were common during the Safavid period (see, for example, lot 20), manuscripts from Ottoman times which combine more than one style are rarer and usually limited to sections (see Qur’an sections offered in these rooms, 7 October 2009, lot 5, in which the text is written in alternated naskh and muhaqqaq). Complete Qur’ans copied by an Ottoman scribes in different styles are indeed rare and unusual. A famous example is the Qur’an copied by Ahmed Karahisari (and completed by his student and adopted son Hasan Celebi) now in the Topkapi Palace Library (inv.no.H.S.5, published in Derman 2010, p.56-57). Karahisari’s Qur’an combines muhaqqaq, rayhani, naskh, thuluth and tawqi, offering a format which is clearly imitated in the layout of this manuscript. Hafiz Ahmed Efendi, master of naskh, is here trying to copy the use of more than one script. The use muhaqqaq for the bismillah and alternating the use of naskh and thuluth for the rest of the text, makes this manuscript an interesting and nearly unique example of a experiment of calligraphy which seems to have been limited to Karahisari’s earlier Qur’an.
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