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Details & Cataloguing

Arts of the Islamic World including Fine Rugs and Carpets

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A 'Star' Kazak rug, West Caucasus
Type 'D' single border variant
approximately 218 by 150cm., 7ft. 2in; 4ft. 11in.
mid 19th century or earlier
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Provenance

Probably with Henry Haldeman, second half 19th century
Eugenia Haldeman Riley (1879 - 1966), Austin, Texas
Inherited by the present owner's father
Thence by descent

Catalogue Note

Eugenia Haldeman Riley was a Daughter of the American Revolution, the great-great-great grand-daughter of Jacob Haldeman (1722-83), originally from Switzerland, who settled in Pennsylvania in the mid 18th century. An Austin 'society girl', she married Lieut. Napoleon William Riley in October 1907; later a Colonel in the US army he served in Panama and the Philippines.  The family at one time had a late 19th century photograph, now sadly mislaid, of Eugenia as a girl at home and which also showed this rug.

The typology of ‘Star Kazak’ rugs was first articulated in ‘Star-Kazaks/SternKasaks’ in Hali Vol.3, No.1, Spring 1980, pp.17-26.  The present example is one with ‘Type D’ border - with ‘c’ gul motifs. In 1980 18 examples of Star Kazaks in total had been identified.  In the intervening years, the number of known examples has increased several-fold; Hali Issue 157, Autumn 2008, APG, p.144, noting they knew of 23 of type ‘D’in total. Type ‘D’ rugs are further subdivided into those which include an inner star surround, and those like the present example, without.  The appearance of this previously unrecorded example, which has been in the same family since the second half of the 19th century at least, is an addition to the former group. The presence of a purplish-brown in the motifs suggests a date in the first half of the 19th century. 

Arts of the Islamic World including Fine Rugs and Carpets

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London