Figures of Spaniels were described by David Howard in China for the West as 'perhaps the most attractive of all Chinese models of dogs', the present adorable examples are actually the original models of the popular Mottahedeh reproductions from Nelson Rockefeller Collection Inc., and were given the catalogue no. 37 while they were produced and sold (fig. I). Chinese export figures of recumbent spaniels usually appear in a brown or orange coat, such as an associated pair illustrated in William R. Sargent, The Copeland Collection: Chinese and Japanese Ceramic Figures, Salem, MA, 1991, cat. no. 90. Further examples are illustrated in Michael Cohen and William Motley, Mandarin and Menagerie: Chinese and Japanese Export Ceramic Figures: Volume I: The James E. Sowell Collection, Reigate, 2008, cat. no. 11.13, and a single example from the Mottahedeh Collection is illustrated in David Howard and John Ayers, China for the West, Vol. II, London, 1974, cat. no. 622. However, the present pair appear to be the only pair published to have the black and white spotted coat. One example sold at Christie's New York, January 28, 2013, lot 510, is decorated in a black and white coat, however the patches of black are much larger and cover most of the head and ears except for the snout.