Many of the later 19th century or 20th century copies made in either the Caucasus or the Balkans, are of a different colour palette to the earlier pieces, and most are mirror image designs, as opposed to the ascending directional pattern of the originals. Theodore Tuduc (b.1888 – d.1983, fl.1930's) was a renowned carpet restorer, then 'copyist' of Classical rugs, never signed, as designed to imitate. His forgeries rather than being dismissed have become pieces of historical interest. See Ionescu (2012), pp.122-125, for examples of the design of the present rug, inspired by the original published in Bode & Kühnel (1914), pl. 50.
For two direct comparables with the same design, colouration and border type, see a Tuduc ‘dragon’ rug, mid 20th century (254 by 140cm), see Sotheby’s, New York, 14 April 2016, lot 668, Provenance: Doris Blau, New York, Acquired from Blau by Alfred A. Taubman and virtually identical example, circa 1930 (319 by 181cm), Sotheby’s, London, 1 November 2016, lot 23.
Yetkin (1978): Yetkin, Şerare, Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey, Vol. II, Oguz Press Ltd, London, 1978, Chp. I, Dragon Carpets, pp.8-40; & Vol. I, plates 1-23.
Ionescu (2012): Ionescu, Stefano, Handbook of Fakes by Tuduc – World’s most famous rug forger, Fourth edition, published on occasion of Volkmann-Treffen Symposium, October 2012, Berlin, pp.122-125.
Bode & Kühnel (1914): Bode, Wilhelm & Kühnel, Ernst, Vorderasiatische Knüpfteppiche aus älterer Zeit, 2nd revised edition, Leipzig, 1914, pl.50.
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