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Details & Cataloguing

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A Bergama 'Bellini' re-entrant rug, West Anatolia

Provenance

Louise Woodhead

Literature

Herrmann. E., Seltene Orienteppiche X, Munich, 1988, pp. 42 & 43, no. 15.

Catalogue Note

These types of re-entrant rugs are sometimes referred to as ‘Bellini’ rugs due to their depiction by Gentile Bellini, in the late 15th century, also ‘Keyhole’. The present rug has a very similar comparable published in Spuhler (1978), pp. 76 & 77, pl. 24 and pp. 78 & 79, pl. 25. It is of a highly similar cartoon to the present with only slight variants in the motifs but with a clear correlation to the present lot. The notable differences are within the border where the Spuhler/König/Volkmann example is composed of alternating quatrefoil and angular leaf motifs the present has the same quatrefoil, in ivory, and orange and green serrated lozenges. The above cited example with smaller motifs in the four corners of the field and the present with larger geometric shapes. The dyes used are also clearly from a very similar region, if not workshop, however have been interposed, for example within the field of the present lot the upper and lower end are predominantly green the centre is madder ground, whereas in the cited example is largely madder ground with green spandrels in the centre; the referenced comparable is also dated to the 18th century. Another variant of this group was formerly in the Joseph V. McMullan Collection now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, acc. no. 1974.149.26, although this example differs in its use of dyes. Interestingly the present lot has some associations with the ‘Keyhole’ rugs from Konya, see both examples in the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts, Istanbul, Kirchheim (1996), pp 186 & 187, pls. 131 & 132. There are clear differences, both the TIEM examples are also probably earlier in dating, in the use of colours but it is interesting to see the overall correlation in design, especially some of the minor motifs such as the hooked motifs near the lozenge medallion, which also has similarities.

Another ‘Bellini’ rug sold Sotheby’s New York, 14 December 2006, lot 142, for $14,400, possibly a little earlier in dating, circa 1700, however with clear losses and fading.

Spuhler (1978): Spuhler. F., König. H., Volkmann. M., Alte Orientteppiche Meisterstücke aus deutschen Privatsammlungen, Munich, 1978, pp. 76 & 77, pl. 24 and pp. 78 & 79, pl. 25.

Kirchheim (1996): Kirchheim, H., Turkish Carpets from 13th - 18th centuries, Istanbul 1996, Istanbul 1996, pp 186 & 187, pls. 131 & 132.

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