Although Russian chandeliers always vary in ornament from one another, there are however three types of basic structures, distinctive due to the length of the coloured horizontal glass stem. Indeed, the stem is elongated across the chandelier, or placed either at the top or lower half of the chandelier (see drawing in Sychev, I. The Russian Chandeliers: 1760-1830, P.V.B.R., 2003, p.29, fig.69). From these three types of forms, the makers make decisions regarding the colour, placement and shape of the glass pieces around the stem.
The present example underlines the Catherine or Ekaterina chandelier form that emerged in Russia in the 1780s. Originating from Germany and Sweden, the form adopts a strict construction, with a central coloured glass shaft with tiers of rings and cascades of drops below a corona; overall preferring a play between vertical, horizontal and curved lines. Similar examples have been offered at Christie's London, 25 November 2008, lot 25 and Bruun Rasmussen Auctioneers, 9 June 2017, lot 1477.
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