3
3
Marco Palmezzano
CHRIST CARRYING THE CROSS
Estimate
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
Guaranteed Property
Guaranteed Property. The seller of lots with this symbol has been guaranteed a minimum price from one auction or a series of auctions. If every lot in a catalogue is guaranteed, the Conditions of Sale will so state and this symbol will not be used for each lot.
120,000180,000
LOT SOLD. 150,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
3
Marco Palmezzano
CHRIST CARRYING THE CROSS
Estimate
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
Guaranteed Property
Guaranteed Property. The seller of lots with this symbol has been guaranteed a minimum price from one auction or a series of auctions. If every lot in a catalogue is guaranteed, the Conditions of Sale will so state and this symbol will not be used for each lot.
120,000180,000
LOT SOLD. 150,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Old Masters Evening Sale

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London

Marco Palmezzano
FORLÌ CIRCA 1460-1539
CHRIST CARRYING THE CROSS
signed and inscribed on a cartellino on the cross: Marchus palmezanus / pictor foroliviensis / faciebat
oil on panel
65.2 x 49.3 cm.; 22 1/8  x 19 3/8  in.
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Provenance

Anonymous sale ('The Property of a Gentleman'), London, Christie's, 19 April 1996, lot 241, where acquired for £100,000.

Literature

G. Viroli in A. Paolucci et al. (eds), Marco Palmezzano, il Rinascimento nelle Romagne, exh. cat., Milan 2005, p. 326 under cat. no. 52.

Catalogue Note

Overshadowed by its Venetian and Tuscan neighbours, the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy nevertheless produced some wonderful artists such as Palmezzano who, arguably, have not received enough attention. Marco was one of the most successful painters of his time in his native Forlì, focusing on large altarpieces and images for more personal devotion, such as the present work. He did not fall under the spell of Raphael and his followers but instead, after training with Melozzo da Forlì, continued to adhere to the idiom of late-quattrocento Venice, and in particular the work of Cima da Conegliano and Giovanni Bellini, whose influence markedly informs the present Christ.

The image of Christ carrying the Cross was one which the artist returned to several times in his career.1 Probably the earliest, without the tormentor and against a plain background, is signed and dated 1503 and is today in Berlin. Variants of the Berlin type, each signed, include those in the Vatican, in the Monastero del Corpus Domini, Forli (dated 1521) and at the Temple Newsam, Leeds (dated 1535). A much wider type, of horizontal format, in the Pinacoteca in Forlì, includes three figures to the left of Christ, and is also signed and dated 1535. Two of the additional figures, however, are not tormentors but devotees of Christ, perhaps Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea. Of this type numerous variants are known, of which perhaps the earliest is the signed and dated panel in the Museo Correr in Venice.

The third type includes the signed panel in the Cassa di Risparmio in Forlì, as well as the present work, which probably dates from the 1510s. The latter should pre-date, on the basis of style, a signed variant recently with Carlo Virgilio, which introduces a second tormentor and switches the extended landscape to the right-hand side.

1 For a full discussion of the different types and their locations, see Viroli, under Literature.

Old Masters Evening Sale

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London