Infra-red imaging conducted by Tager Stonor Richardson reveals pouncing throughout the composition of the figures and the throne in the present work, with linear dry medium underdrawing limited to the architecture in the background and indications of landscape.4 It is possible that both this and the San Diego picture derive from the same cartoon, although the San Diego picture is larger overall, being extended a little at the sides and a lot at the square top. Moreover, the underdrawing of the building with a pitched roof and sloping gables in the present work reveals a stepped gable, as found in the San Diego picture.
1 See M.W. Ainsworth, in M.W. Ainsworth (ed.), Jan Gossaert's Renaissance. The Complete Works, exh. cat., New Haven and London 2010, pp. 131–39, cat. no. 6, reproduced.
2 See M.J. Friedländer, Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. XI, Leiden 1974, p. 81, no. 143, reproduced plate 112.
3 Oil on panel, 24.13 x 19.05 cm.; See A. Mongan & E. Mongan. European Paintings in The Timken Art Gallery, San Diego 1969. pp. 52-3, 116, no. 17, reproduced, & online catalogue http://collection.sdmart.org/Obj1012?sid=11956&x=172873, where dated circa 1510-20.
4 Job no. 20181017, 17th October 2018. Their report is available on request and will be posted online.
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