Prof. Daniele Benati, to whom we are grateful for his comments on this painting, has proposed an attribution of the present work to the young Giovanni Gioseffo dal Sole (Bologna 1654–1719). Benati, by way of demonstrating this clear influence of Ludovico on Dal Sole, references in particular Dal Sole’s fresco of 1688 depicting Aeneas' Flight from Troy in the Palazzo Mansi in Lucca. In 1739 G.P. Zanotti records two canvases by Dal Sole hanging in the Choir of the Chiesa degli Scalzi, Bologna, depicting The Crowing with Thorns and The Flagellation.2 Both paintings are now thought lost; Benati poses the possibility that this canvas is that same picture to which Zanotti was referring, and notes that the size and format of this canvas make the placement in the choir of the Scalzi plausible. Ludovico’s aforementioned canvasses were hanging nearby in the Chiesa di San Girolamo della Certosa, and given Dal Sole’s Scalzi paintings depict the same subject matter, it is reasonable to imagine that they both would have been executed in this distinctly Ludovican spirit. As Benati notes, however, it is probable that we will only be able to be sure of Dal Sole’s authorship and this proposed placement when the pendant canvas depicting The Flagellation surfaces.
Two sketches for this composition exist: the first in a private collection in Milan, the second in the Minneapolis Institute of Art, catalogued as the work of Lorenzo Garbieri.3
1 A. Emiliani, La Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna, Bologna 1967, p. 299, cat. nos 196 and 197, reproduced.
2 G.P. Zanotti, History of the Accademia Clementina, Bologna 1739, vol. I, p. 293.
3 Oil on canvas, 53 x 37 cm., inv. no. 2012.84.2.
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