The eponymous work of the hand Friedländer identified as The Master of the von Groote Adoration is a triptych of which the present whereabouts is unknown, but which is listed by Friedländer as having been formerly of the Von Groote collection, Kitzburg, and exhibited in Düsseldorf in 1909.1
The composition seems to have been one of the most popular among the Antwerp Mannerists, for there are many versions and derivations of this pattern. Dan Ewing regards these variants as all being based on a lost late work by Jan de Beer (doc.
1491, d. 1527/28) that was probably painted around 1518.2
Ewing categorises the versions under three ‘types’; the present triptych falling under the ‘Munich type’ after the triptych in the Alte Pinakothek, examples of which repeat variations of a single panel Adoration
in the John G. Johnson Collection, Philadelphia,3
and whose wings depict a night Nativity which Ewing considers freely based on de Beer’s Nativity
in the Barber Institute, Birmingham,4
and also a Flight into Egypt
, based on Dürer’s Life of the Virgin
1 M.J. Friedländer, Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. XI, Leiden, 1974, p. 70, cat. no. 27, reproduced plates 36–7; and for other paintings given to the same hand see plates 38–48.
2 D. Ewing, The Paintings and Drawings of Jan de Beer, doctoral diss., Michigan 1978, vol. I, pp. 172–77.
3 See Friedländer 1974, p. 70, cat. no. 29, reproduced pl. 39, fig. 29.
4 Inv. no. 51.5; see Ewing 1978, pp. 249–56, cat. no. 11, reproduced fig. 43.