86
86

SCULPTURE FROM THE COLLECTION OF PROFESSOR MICHAEL JAFFÉ C.B.E.

After a model by Giambologna (1529-1608)
Italian, Florence, first half 17th century
RELIEF WITH THE RAPE OF EUROPA
JUMP TO LOT
86

SCULPTURE FROM THE COLLECTION OF PROFESSOR MICHAEL JAFFÉ C.B.E.

After a model by Giambologna (1529-1608)
Italian, Florence, first half 17th century
RELIEF WITH THE RAPE OF EUROPA
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Old Master Sculpture & Works of Art

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After a model by Giambologna (1529-1608)
Italian, Florence, first half 17th century
RELIEF WITH THE RAPE OF EUROPA

Provenance

Collection of the Earls of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wiltshire, probably by 1732, certainly by 1751;
by family descent to Sidney Herbert, 16th Earl of Pembroke (1906-1969), Wilton House, Wiltshire;
his sale, Christie's London, 2 June 1964, lot 96 'possibly by Danese Cattaneo' (£420);
Professor Michael Jaffé CBE (1923-1997), Cambridge, United Kingdom;
and thence by family descent;
on loan to the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1999-2013

Literature

R. Cowdry, Pictures, Statues, Busto's, Basso-Relievo's, and other Curiosities at the Earl of Pembroke's House at Wilton, London, 1751, p. 101 ('An A. Relievo, EUROPA on the Bull. There are four other Figures'); 
J. Kennedy, A Description of the Antiquities and Curiosities in Wilton-House, Salisbury, 1769, p. 21 ('An A. Relievo, EUROPA on the Bull, his Feet end in Finns; there are four other marine Deities assisting at the Rape.');
Aedes Pembrochianae: A new Account and Description of the Statues, Bustos, Relievos , Paintings, Medals, and other Antiquities and Curiosities in Wilton-House, Salisbury, 1795, p. 36 ('The rape of Europa.* She is on a bull, which is swimming in the sea; his legs end in fins. - There are dolphins and sea-deities about them.');
Memoires illustrative of the History and Antiquities of Wiltshire and the City of Salisbury, London, 1849, p. 270, no. 147 ('Europa and the bull. A modern bas-relief.');
C. Avery, Giambologna: The Complete Sculpture, Oxford, 1987, p. 270

Catalogue Note

This evocative relief comes from Wilton House, which contains one of the greatest sculpture collections in England, mostly assembled by Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke (1654-1732). The present marble follows a convex relief by Giambologna executed for the base of the Fountain of the Ocean in the Boboli Gardens in Florence. Originally conceived for the piazza in front of Palazzo Pitti, the Fountain of the Ocean was later moved to the Isolotto in the Boboli Gardens. Carved circa 1574-1575, the other reliefs on the fountain represent the Birth of Venus and the Triumph of Neptune. They are amongst the few secular reliefs executed by Giambologna. The present marble is likely to have been carved by a follower of the great Mannerist sculptor, probably in the first decades of the 17th century. The elongated facial type of Europa recalls figures by Giovanni Battista Caccini (1556-1613) who executed statues for the Boboli gardens; the present relief is likely to have been carved by a sculptor in his circle or wake.

RELATED LITERATURE
J. Holderbaum, The Sculptor Giovanni Bologna, New York, 1983, fig. 187; M. Gibbons, Giambologna: Narrator of the Catholic Reformation, Berkeley, 1995, fig. 41

Old Master Sculpture & Works of Art

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London