Arbie Orenstein, Ravel. Man and Musician (R/1991), p.50
Ravel's Christmas song for voice and piano Noël des jouets, a setting of his own poem, was composed in 1905; an orchestral version appeared the following year. The song marked Ravel's first venture into "the pristine realm of childhood", a notable feature of later works including Ma mère l’oye and Les enfants et les sortilèges. The dedicatee is the French musician Albert Doyen (1882-1935).
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