(1) Signed ‘Geo[rge] T[empleton] Strong, 1842’ (1820–75), American lawyer and diarist; his sale by Bangs, New York, 4 November 1878, lot 821. (2) James William Fulbright (1905-95), United States Senator representing Arkansas from 1945 until his resignation in 1974, initialled by him (‘J.W.F.’ last flyleaf and elsewhere); given to another Senator on an official European trip as a present; thence by descent.
The calendar and litany confirm a localisation in the diocese of Utrecht: for the pertinent details, see Anne Korteweg’s essay in Books of Hours Reconsidered, 2013, pp.233-59. We are grateful to her for informing us that the manuscript was made in Zwolle and belongs to the Sarijs group (so-called because St Marius - Sint Marijs - is mistakenly contracted in the calendar to ‘Sarijs’): the penwork is typical of the Ijssel river area, and that the illumination is in the style of the ZWOLLE MASTER. On the group see L.S. Wierda, De Sarijs-handschriften: Studie naar een groep laat-middeleeuwse handschriften uit de Ijsselstreek, 1995. The present miniatures are close in style to those of a Book of Hours attributed to Zwolle, c.1465-75, on which see A.M. As-Vijvers, Tuliba collection, 2014, no.6.
TEXT AND ILLUMINATION
Calendar (f.1r); Hours of the Virgin (f.15r); Hours of the Cross (f.48r); Hours of the Holy Spirit (f.69r); other Hours (f.85r and 106r); Penitential Psalms (f.126r), litany (f.133r); Office of the Dead (f.144r); prayers (f.176r).
The subjects of the large miniatures are: (1) Annunciation (f.14v); (2) Crucifixion (f.47v); (3) Pentecost (f.68v); (4) Adoration of the Magi (f.84v); (5) Resurrection (f.125v); (6) Last Judgement (f.143v).
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