52
52

PROPERTY OF A PRIVATE COLLECTOR

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo
SAINT ROSE OF LIMA; SAINT DOMINIC
Estimate
150,000200,000
JUMP TO LOT
52

PROPERTY OF A PRIVATE COLLECTOR

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo
SAINT ROSE OF LIMA; SAINT DOMINIC
Estimate
150,000200,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Master Paintings Evening Sale

|
New York

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo
VENICE 1727 - 1804
SAINT ROSE OF LIMA; SAINT DOMINIC
Quantity: 2
a pair, both oil on canvas
the former: 17 1/8  by 14 1/8  in.; 43.6 by 36 cm.
the latter: 17 1/8  by 13 3/8  in.; 43.6 by 34 cm.
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Provenance

Johann Dominik Bossi (1767-1853);
Thence by descent to his daughter, Maria Theresa Caroline (1825-1881), who married Carle Christian Friedrich Beyerlen (1826-1881) in 1853;
The Bossi-Beyerlen collection, Stuttgart;
Their sale, Munich, Helbing, 29 September 1917, lots 48 and 49 (as Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo);
Leo Spik, Berlin,1950s;
Heinrich Vetter collection, Mannheim;
With Jean-Luc Baroni, Ltd., by 2008;
From whom acquired by the present collector.

Exhibited

New York, Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd., An Exhibition of Master Drawings and Paintings, 18-31 January 2008, no. 35.

Literature

E. Sack, Giambattista und Domenico Tiepolo/Ihr Leben und Ihre Werke, Hamburg 1910, p. 195, nos. 360-1, reproduced figs. 191-2 (as Giambattista Tiepolo);
P. Molmenti, Tiepolo: La Vie et l'Oeuvre du Peintre, Paris 1911, p. 209 (as attributed to Giambattista Tiepolo, with incorrect dimensions);
A. Morassi, A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings of G.B. Tiepolo, London 1962, p. 50 (as by Giandomenico Tiepolo);
G. Knox, "Giambattista-Domenico Tiepolo: The Supplementary Drawings of the Quaderno Gatteri," in Bollettino dei musei civici veneziani, 1966, no. 3, p. 10, no. 45, p. 23, reproduced fig. 45;
G. Knox and C. Thiem, Drawings by Giambattista, Domenico and Lorenzo Tiepolo from the Graphische Sammlung Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, exhibition catalogue circulated by the International Exhibitions Foundation 1971, pp. 121-122, under cat. nos. 114 and 132;
A. Mariuz, Giandomenico Tiepolo, Venice 1971, p. 136;
G. Knox, Giambattista and Domenico Tiepolo, A Study and Catalogue Raisonné of the Chalk Drawings, Oxford 1980, vol. 1, p. 135, under cat. no. D.44, pp. 260-61, under cat. nos. M.387 and M.405; p. 317, cat. nos. P.249-50;
Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd., An Exhibition of Master Drawings and Paintings, exhibition catalogue, New York 2008, cat. no. 35, reproduced.

Catalogue Note

When first published in the early 20thcentury, these delicately colored paintings, depicting Saint Dominic and Saint Rose of Lima, were ascribed to Giandomenico’s father Giambattista Tiepolo.  By the time of the Bossi-Beyerlen collection sale in 1917 (see Provenance), they had been re-attributed to Giandomenico and were published as such by the subsequent Tiepolo scholars Antonio Morassi, Adriano Mariuz, and George Knox (see Literature).

The compositions of these paintings relate to two small, oval red chalk drawings of the same subjects, also formerly in the Bossi-Beyerlen collection and now in the Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart (figs. 1 and 2). They are part of a group of thirty-five studies by Giandomenico of Christ, the Virgin, saints, and sacred symbols.1  This series, possibly intended for engraving, is generally dated to circa 1750-53, when the artist was in Würzburg assisting his father with the fresco decoration of the palace of Prince-Bishop, Karl Phillip von Greiffenklau.2  Giandomenico’s paintings of Saint Dominic and Saint Rose of Lima closely follow the compositions of his drawings, though there are slight differences:  the drawings are within ovals, while the finished paintings are rectangular; the painting of Saint Dominic does not include the star above his head; and the painting of Saint Rose includes the extended right arm of the Christ Child.  There is also a preparatory drawing for the clenched fist of Saint Dominic in the Museo Correr, Venice, which is among a group of drawings that are related to works executed by Giandomenico  during his time in Würzburg.3

Though Mariuz (see Literature) dated these painting to the 1760s, the fact that the related chalk drawings and the preparatory drawing for Saint Dominic’s hand have been dated to the artist’s Würzburg years would seem to challenge this view, suggesting a date of execution for the paintings to the early to mid-1750s.4  The quick, loose brushwork and use of thick impasto can be compared to that found in other works of this period such as Alexander the Great and the Family of Darius (circa 1751-52, The Detroit Institute of Arts); Christ Healing the Blind Man (signed and dated 1751, The Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford); and The Minuet (circa 1754, Musée du Louvre, Paris).5

Saint Dominic (1170-1221) was the founder of the Order of Preachers, also called Dominican, or Black Friars. He is shown here with his usual attributes of a book (the Gospels) and a lily (chastity).  In addition, he is accompanied by a black and white dog with a flaming torch in its mouth, an allusion to the story that his mother dreamed her unborn child was a dog that would set the world on fire with the Word of God.  It also has been suggested that the dog represents a pun on Dominicanus, the word for a Dominican friar, and Domini canis, "dog of the Lord."

Saint Rose of Lima (1586-1617), Patroness of the Americas, was born in Peru.  As an infant, a servant had a vision that her face turned into a rose and she eventually adopted that name at her confirmation.  At age twenty she joined the Third Order of St. Dominic.  She lead a life of prayer, fasting and penance and, as shown in this painting, was known to wear a metal spiked crown concealed by roses.  She was beatified by Pope Clement IX in 1667 and canonized in 1671 by Clement X, the first person born in the Americas to become a saint.

1.  For the entire series see G. Knox and C. Thiem, under Literature, 1971, pp. 120-125, cat. nos. 110-144.
2.  Ibid., p. 121.
3.  Red and white chalk, 80 by 142 mm, see G. Knox, under Literature, 1980, pp. 129, 135, cat. no. D.44.
4.  See Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd., under Literature, 2008.
5.  See respectively, A. Mariuz, under Literature, p. 118, reproduced plate 35; p. 120, reproduced plates 51-2; pp. 131-2, reproduced plates 83-4.

Master Paintings Evening Sale

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New York