Lot 22
  • 22

Fernand Léger

Estimate
1,000,000 - 1,500,000 USD
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Description

  • Fernand Léger
  • Paysage d'hiver
  • Signed F. LEGER and dated 53 (lower right); signed F. LEGER., dated 53, titled PAYSAGE D'HIVER and inscribed E. DEFINITIF (on the reverse)
  • Oil on canvas

Provenance

Galerie Louis Carré, Paris

Galerie Beyeler, Basel

Hokin Gallery, Inc., Palm Beach

Acquired from the above on August 18, 1986

Exhibited

Paris, Galerie Louis Carré, Le Paysage dans l’oeuvre de Léger, 1954, no. 21

Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs & Brussels, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Fernand Léger 1881-1955, 1956, no. 152, illustrated in the catalogue  

Stockholm, Moderna Museet, Fernand Léger 1881-1955, 1964, no. 94, illustrated in the catalogue

Basel, Galerie Beyeler, F. Léger, 1969, no. 61, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Milan, Galleria Il Milione, Fernand Léger, Olii, guazzi, lavis, designi, 1969-70, no. 13, illustrated in the catalogue

Genoa, Palazzo dell'Accademia e Palazzo Reale, Immagine per la città, 1972, n.n., illustrated in the catalogue

Basel, Galerie Beyeler, Paysage après l’Impressionnisme, 1975, no. 41, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Hovikodden, Henie-Onstand Kunstsenter, Landskapkunst-Kunstlandskap, 1978, no. 34

Berlin, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Fernand Léger 1881-1955, 1980-81, no. 131, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Basel, Galerie Beyeler, Fernand Léger 1881-1981, 1981, no. 49, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Madrid, Fundacion Juan March, Fernand Léger, 1983, no. 41, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Paris, Grand Palais & New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, Exhibition of Paintings by Fernand Léger, 1984-85, no. 46, illustrated in the catalogue

Cologne, Galerie Gmurzynska, Fernand Léger, 1985, n.n., illustrated in the catalogue

Literature

Pierre Francastel, Histoire de la peinture française: du Classicisme au Cubisme, Paris, 1955,vol. II, illustrated p. 150

Georges Bauquier, Irus Hansma & Claude Lefebvre du Preÿ, Fernand Léger, catalogue raisonné de l’œuvre peint, 1952-1953, Paris, 2013, no. 1580, illustrated in color p. 189

Catalogue Note

In the early 1950s Léger began working on a series of paintings and works on paper on the theme of the Modern landscape which compared and contrasted nature with the rising grid-work of technology. In the present work, Léger compares the organic with the mechanistic landscape and clouds with the abstracted and geometric shapes and letters that is the modern city. Paysage d'hiver further plays with the juxtaposition of landscape and man made construction in the contrast of the stripped winter trees along the lower edge, whose pruned branches reach into the scaffolding set just behind. 

In Léger's own words, "Later people are going to see that this modern art of ours is not so revolutionary as it seems, that it is linked to those old traditions to which it was obliged to struggle in a lonely battle before breaking free.... It is quite useless to make an attempt to force people to be aware of reality by simply showing them a replica of the reality surrounding them since... they are aware of it already. And it is no use claiming that in doing so one is revealing something that they have either failed to notice or remained insensitive to. Painter's aren't conjurers. But what is important is to make them aware, through the unexpected things they discover in a painting, which may at first appear new and strange, of the newness of the reality they would like to know - something that could add enormously to their lives" (quoted in P. de Francia, Fernand Léger, New York & London, 1983, pp. 210 & 220).

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