Very minor spotting primarily to margins, not affecting image.
Sauthier's delineation of upper Manhattan was the most accurate and detailed to date.
After the British occupation of New York, George Washington evacuated Manhattan, with the exception of Fort Washington at the northern tip of the island. The British under Sir William Howe moved north and attacked the main American army at White Plains in October 1776. However, the Americans still retained control of Fort Washington behind their forward lines.
On November 16, the British mounted a six-column attack on the fort that forced the patriots to surrender. Washington's decision not to evacuate Fort Washington was one of his most serious tactical errors of the war. Almost three thousand men were taken prisoner and the British seized large quantities of supplies and weapons. Four days later General Cornwallis was sent to take Fort Lee on the opposite New Jersey shore, but the Americans stationed there had retreated.
Sauthier illustrated the four phases of the attack with the letters A through D. The key at the right identifies the first attack as that by General Knyphausen, the second by Matthews and Cornwallis, the third as a feint, and the fourth by Lord Percy. Sauthier's original manuscript, on which the present map is based, currently resides in the Faden Collection at the Library of Congress.
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