156
156
Sauthier, Claude Joseph 
A TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF THE NORTHERN PART OF NEW YORK ISLAND, EXHIBITING THE PLAN OF FORT WASHINGTON, NOW FORT KNYPHAUSEN, WITH THE REBELS LINES TO THE SOUTHWARD, WHICH WERE FORCED BY THE TROOPS UNDER THE COMMAND OF THE RT. HONBLE. EARL PERCY, ON THE 16TH NOVR 1776, AND SURVEY'D IMMEDIATELY AFTER BY CLAUDE JOSEPH SAUTHIER. TO WHICH IS ADDED THE ATTACK MADE TO THE NORTHD. BY THE HESSIANS. SURVEY'D BY ORDER OF LIEUT. GENL. KNYPHAUSEN. LONDON: WILLIAM FADEN, MARCH 1ST, 1777
Estimate
6,0008,000
JUMP TO LOT
156
Sauthier, Claude Joseph 
A TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF THE NORTHERN PART OF NEW YORK ISLAND, EXHIBITING THE PLAN OF FORT WASHINGTON, NOW FORT KNYPHAUSEN, WITH THE REBELS LINES TO THE SOUTHWARD, WHICH WERE FORCED BY THE TROOPS UNDER THE COMMAND OF THE RT. HONBLE. EARL PERCY, ON THE 16TH NOVR 1776, AND SURVEY'D IMMEDIATELY AFTER BY CLAUDE JOSEPH SAUTHIER. TO WHICH IS ADDED THE ATTACK MADE TO THE NORTHD. BY THE HESSIANS. SURVEY'D BY ORDER OF LIEUT. GENL. KNYPHAUSEN. LONDON: WILLIAM FADEN, MARCH 1ST, 1777
Estimate
6,0008,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography

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New York

Sauthier, Claude Joseph 
A TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF THE NORTHERN PART OF NEW YORK ISLAND, EXHIBITING THE PLAN OF FORT WASHINGTON, NOW FORT KNYPHAUSEN, WITH THE REBELS LINES TO THE SOUTHWARD, WHICH WERE FORCED BY THE TROOPS UNDER THE COMMAND OF THE RT. HONBLE. EARL PERCY, ON THE 16TH NOVR 1776, AND SURVEY'D IMMEDIATELY AFTER BY CLAUDE JOSEPH SAUTHIER. TO WHICH IS ADDED THE ATTACK MADE TO THE NORTHD. BY THE HESSIANS. SURVEY'D BY ORDER OF LIEUT. GENL. KNYPHAUSEN. LONDON: WILLIAM FADEN, MARCH 1ST, 1777
Copper-engraved map (sheet size: 22 1/2 x 15 1/8 in.; 572 x 386 mm), with original color to the rivers and battle elements. 

Very minor spotting primarily to margins, not affecting image.


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Literature

Cumming, British Maps of Colonial America pp. 72-74; Guthorn, British Maps of the American Revolution 100/5 & 12; Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution pp. 90-91; Nebenzahl, Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution 116; Wallis, The American War of Independence 116

Catalogue Note

ONE OF THE VERY FEW REVOLUTIONARY WAR BATTLE PLANS THAT RELATES TO THE CITY OF NEW YORK.

Sauthier's delineation of upper Manhattan was the most accurate and detailed to date.

After the British occupation of New York, George Washington evacuated Manhattan, with the exception of Fort Washington at the northern tip of the island. The British under Sir William Howe moved north and attacked the main American army at White Plains in October 1776. However, the Americans still retained control of Fort Washington behind their forward lines.

On November 16, the British mounted a six-column attack on the fort that forced the patriots to surrender. Washington's decision not to evacuate Fort Washington was one of his most serious tactical errors of the war. Almost three thousand men were taken prisoner and the British seized large quantities of supplies and weapons. Four days later General Cornwallis was sent to take Fort Lee on the opposite New Jersey shore, but the Americans stationed there had retreated.

Sauthier illustrated the four phases of the attack with the letters A through D. The key at the right identifies the first attack as that by General Knyphausen, the second by Matthews and Cornwallis, the third as a feint, and the fourth by Lord Percy. Sauthier's original manuscript, on which the present map is based, currently resides in the Faden Collection at the Library of Congress.

Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography

|
New York