143
143
Popple, Henry 
A MAP OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA WITH THE FRENCH AND SPANISH SETTLEMENTS ADJACENT THERETO. LONDON: "ENGRAV'D BY WILLM. HENRY TOMS", "1733" [BUT CA. 1735]
Estimate
100,000150,000
JUMP TO LOT
143
Popple, Henry 
A MAP OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA WITH THE FRENCH AND SPANISH SETTLEMENTS ADJACENT THERETO. LONDON: "ENGRAV'D BY WILLM. HENRY TOMS", "1733" [BUT CA. 1735]
Estimate
100,000150,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography

|
New York

Popple, Henry 
A MAP OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA WITH THE FRENCH AND SPANISH SETTLEMENTS ADJACENT THERETO. LONDON: "ENGRAV'D BY WILLM. HENRY TOMS", "1733" [BUT CA. 1735]
ILLUSTRATION: Engraved map by William Henry Toms, with 22 integral inset views and plans on 15 double-page and 5 single-page sheets, mounted on guards, with double-page key map by Toms, full hand-coloring throughout. 

Folio (20 1/2 x 15 3/8 in.; 521 x 396 mm). BINDING: Expertly bound to style in half 18th-century Russia over original 18th-century marbled paper-covered boards, spine gilt with red morocco spine label. 

Housed in a modern blue morocco-backed box. Some toning to maps, primarily to margins, slight rubbing with loss to map 3 ("Anticoste Island"), some expert repair to a few margins.


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Literature

Babinski, Henry Popple's 1733 Map; Brown, Early Maps of the Ohio Valley 14; Cumming, The Southeast in Early Maps 216, 217; Degrees of Latitude 24, state 4 (but with engraved number to sheet 1); Fowble, Two Centuries of Prints in America 1680-1880 (1987) 6, 7; Goss, The Mapping of North America (1990) 55 (key map only); Graff 3322; Howes P481, "b"; Lowery 337 & 338; McCorkle, America Emergent 21; Phillips Maps p.569; Sabin 64140; Schwartz & Ehrenberg p.151; Stephenson & McKee, Virginia in Maps, map II-18A-B; Streeter Sale 676

Catalogue Note

A monument to 18th-century American cartography: a highly attractive fully-colored copy of the first large-scale map of North America, and the first printed map to show the thirteen colonies. Popple maps with full contemporary color are exceedingly rare.

Popple produced this map under the auspices of the Lord Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to help settle disputes arising from the rival expansion of English, Spanish and French colonies. "France claimed not only Canada, but also territories drained by the Mississippi and its tributaries — in practical terms, an area of half a continent" (Goss, The Mapping Of North America p.122). The present copy of Popple's map, with its full contemporary hand-coloring, would have been particularly useful in these disputes. Mark Babinski in his masterly monograph on this map notes that "The typical coloring of fully colored copies ... is described best by a contemporary manuscript legend on the end-paper affixing the Key map to the binding in the King George III copy at the British Library: Green—Indian Countrys. Red—English. Yellow—Spanish. Blue—French. Purple—Dutch." The careful demarcation of the disputed areas by color would have made the identification of whether a particular location was in one or another "zone" a great deal easier. Thus the coloring adds a whole new dimension to a map that is usually only seen in its uncolored state, and perhaps suggests that the copies with full hand-coloring were originally produced for some as yet to be rediscovered official use to do with the international land disputes of the time.

Benjamin Franklin, on May 22, 1746, ordered two copies of this map, "one bound the other in sheets," for the Pennsylvania Assembly. It was the only map of sufficient size and grandeur available — and the map is on a grand scale: if actually assembled it would result in a rectangle over eight feet square. Its coverage extends from the Grand Banks off Newfoundland to about ten degrees west of Lake Superior, and from the Great Lakes to the north coast of South America. Several of the sections are illustrated with handsome pictorial insets, including views of New York City, Niagara Falls, Mexico City, and Quebec, and inset maps of Boston, Charles-Town, Providence, Bermuda, and a number of others.

"Little is known of Henry Popple except that he came from a family whose members had served the Board of Trade and Plantations for three generations, a connection that must have been a factor in his undertaking the map, his only known cartographic work" (McCorkle, America Emergent 21).

Babinski has made a detailed study of the issues and states of the Popple map. This copy is in Babinski's state 6: the imprint on sheet 20 reads "London Engrav'd by Willm. Henry Toms 1733" (i.e. without R. W. Searle's name), sheet one includes the engraved figure "l" in the upper left corner just above the intersection of the two neat lines and engraved sheet numbers have been added to the upper right corners of each sheet. The key map is present here in the first state.

Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography

|
New York