Keulen, Johannes van
- Pas kaart van de Zee kusten van Nieuw Nederland anders genaamt Niew York. Amsterdam: Johannes van Keulen, 
- paper, ink, paint
Issued in the fourth part of Van Keulen's Zee-Fakkel, this highly important chart is only predated by Arent Roggeveen's extremely rare Pascaerte van Nieu Nederland of 1675. Based on original Dutch surveys made just before they surrendered New Netherlands to the English in 1664, this map "arguably represents the apogee of Dutch knowledge of the region, many toponyms appearing for the first time... Although the region is named both New Netherlands and New York the city itself is unnamed. Nearby are a great number of place names including some recognisable ones such as Konynen Eyl., Breukelen and further east on Long Island Heemstede, Ooster Bay and Oost Hampton " (Burden II, p.247). The shores of southern New England show the influence of the English settlers with names including Newport, Portsmouth, Providence, Norwich. de Thaems River, Gilford and Niew London. In the far right, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket are correctly named and more accurately represented than had previously been the case.
"The inset in the top third is the map's main claim to fame. It is the first engraved map devoted to the Hudson River and it, too, introduces many new placenames. On the west side above Manhattan is Taphaan and further upriver is Kats Kil, Middelburgh now Hudson, and't Greyn Bosch near Albany. Tucked in with it is a smaller inset map of the lower reaches of the Connecticut River called the Versche , or fresh, River" (Burden II, p.247). After an initial investigation by the Dutch, and the establishment of an early trading post near Hartford in 1633, the Connecticut River was left largely to the English. Four main settlements identified here include the towns of Winser, Hereford (i.e. Hartford), Waters Veldt (Weathersfield) and Zee Broeck (Saybrook).
The first state of this chart was published by innovative Dutch cartographer and publisher Johannes van Keulen, in his 1685 Sea-Atlas [or Zee-Fakkel]. He had "published earlier editions of his Sea-Atlas [or Zee-Fakkel] in 1680 and 1683, but the [first state of the present chart] ... first appeared as illustration 20 in the third volume of the first completed edition published in 1685." (Deak p.41). The present example, Burden's second state with the plate number engraved in the lower left corner, is from the second edition of the atlas published in 1687. Burden records a third state (c.1695?) and a fourth (the most common, published first in about 1702).