(Rulings), the tenth and final tractate in the order Nezikin
, treats, in three chapters, the topic of “sinning through error,” when a mistaken legal decision by the high priest or the high court (Sanhedrin
) leads the populace to the inadvertent violation of a precept which, had it been willfully transgressed, would have carried the punishment of karet
(excision). Also discussed are questions concerning high priests and rulers who themselves transgress. Because the editors of this treatise did not have access to any Tosafist commentaries to Horayot
, they printed only Rashi on the Talmudic page, adding the text of the Jerusalem Talmud to Horayot
at the end of the volume (ff. 16a-18a). (According to Saul Lieberman , this version of the Jerusalem Talmud to Horayot
is of better quality than the recension printed together with the rest of the Jerusalem Talmud tractates.) To this day, the text of Bomberg’s edition is one of the best available, as subsequent printers often tampered with it.
A.M. Habermann, Ha-madpis daniyyel bombirgi u-reshimat sifrei beit defuso (Safed: The Museum of Printing Art, 1978), 35 (no. 42).
Saul Lieberman, Mehkarim be-torat erets-yisra’el, ed. David Rosenthal (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1991), 236-258.
Vinograd, Venice 41