(Testimonies), the seventh tractate in the order Nezikin
, is an eight-chapter-long collection of laws on a wide variety of topics. Its title reflects the purpose of the treatise: to put on record the “testimonies” given by later sages on the legal pronouncements and controversies of earlier authorities. Thus, the phrase “Rabbi So-and-So testified [he‘id
]” occurs frequently in the later chapters. The fact that the reliability of these traditions was established before a court may explain why this tractate was included in Nezikin
and why its teachings were accorded special authority in the Talmud (see, e.g., Berakhot
54b, and Bekhorot
26a, where Eduyyot
is referred to by the name Behirata
[Choice (Teachings)]). The text printed here is that of the Mishnah alone – there is no Talmud on Eduyyot
– accompanied by the commentaries of Maimonides in a single quire of eight leaves and of Rabbi Abraham ben David of Posquières (Ra’avad; ca. 1125-1198) in another quire of nine leaves.
A.M. Habermann, Ha-madpis daniyyel bombirgi u-reshimat sifrei beit defuso (Safed: The Museum of Printing Art, 1978), 35 (no. 43).
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