(New Year), the eighth tractate in the order Mo‘ed
, is concerned with the various “new years” of the Jewish calendar, particularly the one falling on the first of Tishrei, the “new year for years” that we today call Rosh Hashanah. In its four chapters, the treatise deals with the fixing of the New Moon, the intercalation of the Jewish calendar, the laws of the shofar
(ram’s horn) blown on Rosh Hashanah, and the liturgy for that day. Another important theme, Rosh Hashanah as the Day of Judgment for each individual and for all of mankind, engenders systematic discussions of divine providence and of reward and punishment in this world and the next.
[Mordechai] of Berlin (f. [1r])
Eliakim ben Samson [Israel (cognomen: Zalman)] (f. [1r])
Judah ben Hayyim (f. [1v])
A.M. Habermann, Ha-madpis daniyyel bombirgi u-reshimat sifrei beit defuso (Safed: The Museum of Printing Art, 1978), 34 (no. 32).
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