(The Day [of Yom Kippur]), the fifth tractate in the order Mo‘ed
, focuses, in its first seven chapters, on the service of the high priest in the Temple on the holiest day of the year. Only the last chapter treats the laws of the fast itself, including the five “afflictions” (refraining from eating/drinking, washing, anointing, wearing [leather] shoes, and sexual relations) that must be observed. The final mishnaic teaching (f. 85b) famously records that Yom Kippur atones for those transgressions committed against God, but sins against one’s fellow can only be forgiven once the person has been appeased.
A.M. Habermann, Ha-madpis daniyyel bombirgi u-reshimat sifrei beit defuso (Safed: The Museum of Printing Art, 1978), 33 (no. 20).
Vinograd, Venice 24