The single characters inscribed on the bases of the zitan stand and boss on the present piece are in accordance to a grading system in the Qing court collections. These characters, notably jia, yi, bing (indicating the A, B, C classifications respectively), denote the rank of a piece which was usually bestowed by the Qianlong emperor himself. For relevant discussions and a Liao-dynasty jade bowl with a similarly inscribed wood stand, see The All Complete Qianlong: the Aesthetic Tastes of the Qing Emperor Gaozong, Taipei, 2013, cat. no. II-2.10.
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