In terms of form, it is closely related to its jade counterparts; see a waterdropper in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, worked in the form of a beast with similar crouching posture and muscular body as the current piece, attributed to the 16th century and included in Ming Wilson, Chinese Jades, London, 2004, no. 65 (museum no. C.144-1913).
The museum also has an early Ming dynasty bronze paperweight modelled as a beast with comparable proud, alert facial features, partially gilt and inlaid with semi-precious stones, illustrated in Rose Kerr, Later Chinese Bronzes, London, 1990, p. 88, pl. 72 (Salting Bequest, museum no. M.741-1910). See also a Yuan to early Ming dynasty gilt-bronze and hardstone-inlaid paperweight in the form of two young mythical beasts depicted in confrontation, sold in these rooms, 31st October 2004, lot 14, which is closely related to the current piece in terms of the bold and naturalistic articulation of the muscular body and fur, through varying layers of relief. See also a Xuande reign-marked paperweight from the Xiaogushan Guan studio collection, in the form of a crouching beast with similar curly mane, included in Rochers de lettrés, Itinéraires de l'Art en Chine, Musée des Arts Asiatiques Guimet, Paris, 2012, cat. no. 58, and a gilt-bronze incense burner and cover in the form of a xiezhi mythical beast, sold in these rooms, 8th April 2014, lot 233, from the Water, Pine and Stone Retreat collection.
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