This work relates to a painting by Sir Peter Paul Rubens circa
1612-1613 of two sleeping children in the National Museum of Western Art, Philadelphia (inv. no. P.1972-0001). The similarities between Rubens's painting and the present composition are observed in the representation of the child, who also tilts his head backwards, calling attention to his playful blonde curls and beaded necklace. Though it is unknown who painted this work, the Antwerp Brand inscribed separately on the reverse (fig. 1) dates the panel before circa
1615, placing the painter of this panel in Antwerp during the time Rubens painted Two Sleeping Children.1
1. J. Wadum, "The Antwerp Brand on Paintings on Panel", in E. Hermens (ed.), Looking Through Paintings on Panel: The Study of Painting Techniques and Materials in Support of Art Historical Research, London 1998, pp. 179-183.