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SEEING CLEARLY: THE COLLECTION OF JUDITH E. NEISSER

Lucio Fontana
CONCETTO SPAZIALE
Estimate
1,500,0002,000,000
LOT SOLD. 3,915,000 USD
JUMP TO LOT
12

SEEING CLEARLY: THE COLLECTION OF JUDITH E. NEISSER

Lucio Fontana
CONCETTO SPAZIALE
Estimate
1,500,0002,000,000
LOT SOLD. 3,915,000 USD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

|
New York

Lucio Fontana
1899 - 1968
CONCETTO SPAZIALE
signed; signed, titled, and inscribed l'oro è bello come il sole on the reverse 
oil on canvas
28 3/4 by 23 3/4 in. 73 by 60.3 cm.
Executed in 1964.
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Provenance

The artist
Teresita Fontana, Milan
Galleria Carlevaro, Geneva
Andrea Denini, Geneva
Centro Tornabuoni, Florence
Private Collection, Italy
Anne & Wolfgang Titze Collection, Europe (acquired from the above circa 1993)
Anthony Grant, Inc., New York
Acquired by the present owner from the above in 2004

Exhibited

Venice, Palazzo Vendramin Calergia, SIMA, Terzo Salone Internazionale dei Mercanti d'Arte Moderna, September 1985, p. 203, illustrated in color
Paris, Centre Georges Pompidou, Lucio Fontana, October 1987 - January 1988, pp. 261, illustrated in color
Milan, Tornabuoni Arte, Lucio Fontana, May 1996, pp. 110-111, illustrated in color
Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, Contemporary Collecting: The Judith Neisser Collection: Minimal and Postminimal Innovation, February - May 2011, p. 10 (text), p. 55 (illustrated in color), p. 156 (text)

Literature

Enrico Crispolti, ed., Lucio Fontana: catalogue raisonné des peintures, sculptures et environnements spatiaux rédigé, Vol. II, Brussels, 1974, pp. 140-141, no. 64 O 11, illustrated
Enrico Crispolti, ed., Fontana, catalogo generale, Vol. II, Milan, 1986, p. 483, no. 64 O 11, illustrated, and p. 486, illustrated in color
Enrico Crispolti, ed., Lucio Fontana: Catalogo ragionato di sculture, dipinti, ambientazioni, Vol. I, Milan, 2006, p. LXXXIII, illustrated in color
Enrico Crispolti, ed., Lucio Fontana: Catalogo ragionato di sculture, dipinti, ambientazioni, Vol. II, Milan, 2006, p. 676, no. 64 O 11, illustrated

Catalogue Note

Executed in an enchanting metallic gold that reveals in areas flourishes of bright underlying pink, Concetto spaziale epitomizes the very essence of Lucio Fontana’s iconic career. In his quest to liberate the painterly medium and move towards the fourth dimension, Fontana’s mature works from his last decade encompass some of his most important artistic achievements, all masterfully distilled into the present work. The glimmering gilded façade of the surface is forcefully disrupted by the palpable materiality of the impastoed puncture wounds, which in turn contrast with the delicately incised ovular border line, evincing Fontana’s unparalleled ability to balance myriad dichotomies in his inimitable oeuvre.

The present work belongs to Fontana’s Olii series and embodies the consistent investigation of his evolving conceptual project, known as Spazialismo. The pinnacle of this project was expressed most purely for Fontana in the creation of the hole, the penetration of the traditional flat plane of the medium, which opened up the material of the canvas and infused it with the space endlessly expanding behind, around, and through it. With the dawn of the Space Age, heralded by Yuri Gagarin’s flight in 1961, came an entirely new dimension; for Fontana, the astronaut’s launch into the infinity of the cosmos is echoed in the void created by his four dramatic perforations. These punctures ruptured not only the canvas itself, but the traditional boundary between painting and sculpture, bringing a new dimension to art. Concetto spaziale thus articulates the genesis of a new form of artistic expression and offers a reflection on the astral age.

While the paint was still wet, Fontana used a sharp tool to gouge the surface, then clawed at the canvas with his fingers, adding texture and weight as the pigment encrusted around the holes. He then scraped, scored, and modelled more paint onto the canvas to create projecting mounds of sculptural impasto within the punctures that complicate the work’s topography. In comparison to his earlier works, Fontana’s Olii paintings bring back this aspect of figuration: the visceral cuts and projections of the thickly applied paint invoke the sensual, carnal, and painful emotions of man’s existential condition. Indeed, in describing his transition between the Olii and the Tagli Fontana explained: “The cuts that I have made so far represent above all a philosophical space. But that which I am seeking, now, is no longer philosophical space but rather physical space… It is a human dimension that can generate physiological pain, a terror in the mind, and I, in my most recent canvases, am trying to give form to this sensation.” (Lucio Fontana cited in Grazia Livi, ‘Incontro con Lucio Fontana’, Vanita, No. 13, Autumn 1962, p. 55)

Further emphasizing the philosophical suggestions of the Concetto spaziale is the traced ovoid border surrounding the central holes. A classic symbol of birth and regeneration, the shape here recalls the mythic Orphic Egg, from which Phanes, the mystic primeval deity of procreation and the generation of new life, burst forth. This association is underscored by the gilded hue, as Phanes is commonly depicted as a golden idol, and glimpses of fleshy pink, hinting at the origins of man. Many critics have also drawn a parallel between Fontana’s bodily punctures and the stigmata wounds of Christ, in their symbolism of man’s spiritual release from matter. Against the background of Fontana’s Spatialist theories, Concetto spaziale can therefore be seen not only as a conceptual investigation into the boundaries of artistic media, but also as a metaphysical exploration of the confines of man’s existence. Executed in the same year as Fontana’s masterpiece Fine di Dio, the present work thus shares many of the characteristics that distinguish that celebrated series.

Oscillating between sculptural materiality and painterly essence, Concetto spaziale is suffused with the idea of rebirth in the age of cosmic exploration. In a combination of surface and depth, aesthetics and philosophy, carnal sensuality and scientific rigor, the present work forms a mosaic of Fontana’s rich inspirations that culminate in an emotive visual sensation. More than any other series, the Olii epitomize Fontana’s fascination with the cosmic universe and form a potent representation of evocative dichotomies.

Contemporary Art Evening Auction

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New York