Details & Cataloguing

Contemporary Art Evening Auction


Rudolf Stingel
B. 1956
signed and dated 2007 on the reverse
oil and enamel on canvas
241.6 by 193 cm. 95 1/8 by 76 in.
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Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Acquired from the above by the present owner

Catalogue Note

Notable amongst the series for its colossal size and detailed variegated surface, Untitled is a consummate example of Rudolf Stingel's celebrated Instruction Paintings. A body of work started shortly after Stingel's move to New York City in 1987, the series compellingly challenged accepted notions of authorship in painting. With its subtly textured surface and luscious washes of silver paint, the present painting emits a captivating optical effect that is the perfect embodiment of Stingel's formal and conceptual explorations, fusing a theoretical approach to the medium with an undeniably sumptuous aesthetic.

Stingel developed his practice in context of the declared death of painting; at a time when artists such as Christopher Wool and Albert Oehlen explored similarly unorthodox approaches to the medium. Much like Wool’s turn to decorative patterns as a subject for his work, Stingel’s important series of Instruction Paintings, begun in the same year as his move to New York, undermine the most basic assumptions about painting whilst insisting on the relevance of the medium. Stingel's conceptual approach relies on a unique technique that involves the layering of thickly applied oil paint, tulle netting, and metallic silver enamel. Removing the netting after the final layer has been applied, the surface takes on the textured appearance of the tulle; this process is what gives the Instruction Paintings their characteristic aesthetic. This idiosyncratic technique would moreover form the basis of Stingel’s later wallpaper and abstract paintings, in which he created patterns by contrasting this subtle texture with areas of flat paint.

Whilst Wool’s appropriated patterns pushed the limits of what painting could considered to be (by turning the very thing it was not supposed to be – decoration – into the subject of his work), Stingel went a step further by bringing into question not the subject of his work, but the author. The conceptual formula for the Instruction Paintings took on a radically new meaning with the artist’s decision in 1989 to reveal his signature production process by publishing a step-by-step manual detailing his technique, so that anyone could replicate it. This questioned the very basic assumptions around notions of authorship and originality, and in particular, the relationship between the artist and a uniquely recognisable aesthetic. Stingel’s decision to make his technique publicly available, as well as his attempt to involve the spectator in the production of his celotex works, challenged established preconceptions about art-making, shifting the emphasis from the artist to the production process of the work and indeed to the object itself. Untitled is a particularly good example of this, as the articulated folds in the netting and the unpainted lower edge directly hint at the painting’s physical origins. This makes the work an outstanding example of Stingel’s acclaimed practice, which, to quote Gary Carrion-Murayari, “demonstrates an acute awareness of the aspirations, failures and challenges to Modernist painting, while at the same time expressing a sincere belief in painting itself, focusing on formal characteristics including colour, gesture, composition, and, most importantly, surface” (Gary Carrion-Murayari, Rudolf Stingel, Ostfildern 2008, p. 111). 

As a visually stunning example from this important series, Untitled merges the artist’s signature technique with an idiosyncratic aesthetic perfectly suited to Stingel’s conceptual agenda; an agenda that has continually questioned both the artist-driven production process of painting and its serious subject matter at a time when these questions have been hotly debated. This somewhat ambiguous position – indebted to postmodern theory yet insisting on a broader outlook on painting as both a practice and process – means that Stingel’s oeuvre is intriguing far beyond its conceptual rigour. This is exactly what makes the present work exceptionally interesting: it is both an example of Stingel's theoretical approach to painting and his signature production method, as well as a lyrical exposition of the captivating aesthetic that characterises so much of the artist's acclaimed later output.

Contemporary Art Evening Auction