Vasilii Petrovich Shutov (ca. 1826-1887), an instructor at the Stieglitz Central School of Technical Drawing, had first introduced the design to the Russian public at the 1870 All-Russian Manufacturing Exhibition. In Russia, Shutov's concoction of humble, contemporary objects achieved great popularity among aficionados of the Russian Style, including Emperor Alexander III of Russia. Shutov received a ten-year patent on the design. On Shutov's chairs, see O. Strugova, "Mebel' v 'Russkom stile'," Muzei, pp. 103-104.