This settee closely relates to a settee in the Dietrich Americana Foundation (see Jack Lindsey, Worldly Goods: The Arts of Early Pennsylvania, 1680-1758, (Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1999), p. 6, fig 10, no. 109). Lindsey noted that settees such as these represent a creolization of traditional English, Germanic, and northern European forms and construction techniques. The leather on this lot was replaced in the period manner of using one single oxen hide to cover the back and seat as found on a settee in the collection of Winterthur Museum (see Benno M. Forman, American Seating Furniture 1630-1730, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1988), pp. 190-1, no. 43).