Related examples are illustrated and discussed in Ronald F. Michaelis, Old Domestic Base-Metal Candlesticks: Produced in Bronze, Brass, Paktong, (Woodbridge, Eng: Antiques Collector's Club, 1978), pp. 40-1, figs. 24, 27 and Christopher Bangs, The Lear Collection: A Study of Copper-Alloy Socket Candlesticks, A.D. 200-1700. (Bethlehem, PA: Oaks Printing Company, 1995), pp. 50-1, 197, no. 6.