11
11
Josef Hartwig and Joost Schmidt
RARE CHESS SET, MODEL NO. XVI
Estimate
30,00040,000
JUMP TO LOT
11
Josef Hartwig and Joost Schmidt
RARE CHESS SET, MODEL NO. XVI
Estimate
30,00040,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Bauhaus_Defining a Century

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Josef Hartwig and Joost Schmidt
RARE CHESS SET, MODEL NO. XVI
Comprising: thirty two Chess Pieces, Card Box, together with a Game Board by another hand
partially stained pear wood, wood, cardboard, with applied paper label


tallest game piece: 5 cm.   2 in.
box: 5.5 by 12.8 cm. square   2 1/4  by 5 in.
gameboard: 5.5 by 41 cm. square   1 by 16 1/8  in.
1924
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Provenance

Private Collection, Germany

Literature

Walter Gropius and László Moholy-Nagy, Eds., Bauhausbücher: Neue Arbeiten der Bauhauswerkstätten, Vol. 7, Munich 1925, pp. 43-45
Herbert Bayer, Das Bauhaus in Dessau: Katalog der Muster, 1925, n.p.
Magdalena Droste, Bauhaus: 1919-1933, Cologne 1990, pp. 94-95
Magdalena Droste and Peter Hahn, et al., Eds., Bauhaus Archive Berlin The Collection, Berlin 1999, p. 90
Exh. Cat., Weil am Rhein, Vitra Design Museum and Bonn, Bundeskunsthalle, the Bauhaus: #itsalldesign, September 2015 - August 2016, p. 289, no. 277 for an advertisement, cat. 278
Jeannine Fiedler and Peter Feierabend, Eds., BAUHAUS, Potsdam 2016, p. 406
Exh. Cat., Paris, Musée des Arts décoratifs, L'esprit du Bauhaus, October 2016 - February 2017, p. 196, fig. 2 for an advertisement

Catalogue Note

The present lot, a rare variant retaining its original card box, was designed by Josef Hartwig in collaboration with Joost Schmidt, who designed the graphics and additional promotional materials for the set. At the time of its execution, Hartwig was leader of the wood carving and sculpture workshop at the Bauhaus, having accepted the position in 1921. The design of the set was based on an idea conceived by De Stijl artist Vilmos Huszar. Where Huszar modified the existing design of the traditional chess piece, Hartwig pushed the design of the pieces further into abstraction whilst retaining the intuitiveness of the game. Hartwig designed each game piece to reflect the directional moves in which it could be executed: "singly or combined, their shape specifies their movement; the volume, their worth" (Josef Hartwig, cited in: Herbert Bayer, Das Bauhaus in Dessau: Katalog der Muster, 1925, p. 11)

An article in the Leipziger Tageblatt newspaper reviewing the set proclaimed, "Fans of the regal game [of chess] are in for a huge surprise: the demilitarisation of the chess pieces... Purely mimicking a ‘style’ will never lead to a satisfying result... there are few forces at work that are capable of creating a genuine new style from the inside out, and which can now quietly put new in place of old. A serious, modern artist who wants to redesign an object is aware that in the choice of form, he has to consider the peculiarity of his material, the method of manipulation and its purpose of use."

Bauhaus_Defining a Century

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London