Mstislav Dobuzhinsky first travelled to New York in 1939. Like Tamiroff he went to work on a production of a Chekhov play but ended up staying there due to the outbreak of war in Europe. Both men had worked for Nikita Balieff’s ballet company Le Chauve-Souris in the 1920s, Dobuzhinsky in Paris, Tamiroff in his first years in New York before he abandoned the stage for the motion pictures of Hollywood. Le Chauve-Souris was the post-Revolutionary, post-emigration reincarnation of the late-night Moscow cabaret Letuchaya Mysh’ which toured in Berlin, Paris and later the United States. It specialised in productions of ersatz Russian, Gypsy and Cossack music and dance, packaged up for a Western audience. First performed at the Theatre de la Madeleine in the autumn of 1926, Les Cosaques de Platov à Paris was one of their most popular numbers.