94
94

FROM A PRIVATE FAMILY COLLECTION

A Kashgar silk and metal-thread rug, East Turkestan
JUMP TO LOT
94

FROM A PRIVATE FAMILY COLLECTION

A Kashgar silk and metal-thread rug, East Turkestan
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

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A Kashgar silk and metal-thread rug, East Turkestan
approximately 154 by 114cm; 5ft. 1in., 3ft. 9in.
19th century possibly earlier
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Literature

Ulrich Schürmann, Central-Asian Rugs, 1969, No.76., p.156.

Catalogue Note

Kashgar in the Xinjiang province of East Turkestan was an important trading post on the silk route and a centre of manufacture of carpets for centuries, with influence in the designs used from Persia, China and India respectively. In the 18th century the rulers of Kashgar were related to the Mughals of India. The silk and metal brocade rugs have Mughal influence from the Mughal floral lattice carpets of the 17th century, with a formal lattice having been replaced by a trellis of floral vinery. See for example of a Mughal silk rug, 17th century (221 by 147cm) on a red ground, Sotheby’s, London, 16 April 1987, lot 94, from a rare group of silk rugs (related to the contemporary wool pieces). For an interesting comparable fragment with brocading, 17th/18th century, with foliate and leaf composition and similar border type (Private collection), see Spuhler, Friedrich, The Thyssen –Bornemisza Collection, Carpets and Textiles, London, 1998, Carpets, East Turkestan silk carpets [42-52], pp.184-205, p.191, (black and white) fig.1.

For examples of Kashgar silk carpets with golden yellow grounds, from 17th through to 19th century, see Schürmann, Ulrich, Central-Asian Rugs, 1969, Nos. 68- 69 & 72, pp.148-149 and 152, for and No. 76, p.156, for the present rug.

There is a group of Kashgar silk rugs of the 18th century which belong to a particularly elegant group of East Turkestan weaving, and show comparable elements. See Sotheby’s, New York, 5 December 1987, lot 121, for an earlier example of a`Silk provincial Mughal carpet fragment’, 18th century, with fuchsia/rose ground, and similar grouping of flowers and leaves, and lot 120 for later fragment of a silk Kashgar rug, East Turkestan, in the same design tradition. For other lattice and blossom, 18th century examples, see Christie’s, London, The Bernheimer Collection of Carpets, 14 February, lots 95, 96 and 183, for fragments of silk Kashgar carpets, with fuchsia/rose grounds.

Related Literature:

For discussion of the Turkestan rugs and their influences, and a comparable example, see Bidder, Hans, Carpets from Eastern Turkestan, Washington International Associates, 1979, Chp.III, The Khotan Carpets, pp.43-85, D.Allover pattern and ornamentation from the Mohammaden period of Khotan, 1., ’Herat’ and floral style of ‘endless rapport’, pp.74-77, plates XVII, 2, Kashgar carpet fragment, with Herat flower style, first half 18th century (200 by 345cm);
Dimand, Maurice S. and Mailey, J., Oriental Rugs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, with a catalogue of Rugs of China and Chinese Turkestan, New York, 1973, fig. 304;
Franses, Michael, Editor, Fengruan Rutan, Silk Covers from Western China, First Under Heaven, The Arts of Asia, Hali Publications Ltd, London, 1997, Chp. 6, pp.84-107;
Konig, Hans, Beziehungen Zwischen den Teppichen Ostturkestans und Moghulindiens, “Festschrift fur Peter Wilhelm Meister, zum 65. Geburstag Hamburg, 1975, pp. 32-40, fig. 5.

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