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Details & Cataloguing

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A Northwest Persian/Azerbaijan gallery carpet
with a Kufic border
approximately 610 by 221cm; 20ft., 7ft. 3in.
circa 1800
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Catalogue Note

The distinctive design, derived from a 17th century model, with blossom palmettes with vertical and horizontal orientation and secondary design of dense smaller blossoms and vine trellis, was used through the 18th century and into the 19th century, spreading from Kurdistan and Northwest Persia across to Eastern Persia and to the Caucasus. The late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries are generally accepted as the dating of this group of carpets. For discussion of four late 18th century and early 19th century contrasting appearances of the ‘Harshang’ design, see Bensoussan, Pamela, ‘Four Harshang Pattern Carpets in the Musée des Arts Decoratifs’, Hali, Vol.3, no.3, pp.207-209.

For a gallery carpet with very similar main field design, and border with cartouche and star medallions, attributed to Northwest Iran or Caucasus , (670 by 244cm; symmetrically knotted), in the Metropolitan Museum of Art New York (In.68-219), see McMullan, Joseph, Islamic Carpets, Near Eastern Art Research Center, New York, 1965, No.27, pp.112-119 (pull-out plate). See also Denny, Walter, B., How to read Islamic Carpets, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014, pp.96-97, fig. 82.

For a comparable Northwest Persian Kelleh, 18th century (572 by 178cm), with ‘Harshang’ field design, see Rippon Boswell, Wiesbaden, 29 November 2014, lot 144 and Sotheby’s, London, Bortz Collection, 29 May 1998, lot 21.

For comparables in both field and border design: see an example with a red ground Kufic border, Schirwan, Kaukasus, Baku, 1800 (362 by 165cm), illustrated in Võlker, Angela, Die orientalischen Knüpfteppiche im MAK (Õsterreichisches Museum für angewandt Kunst), Vienna, 2001, No. 126, pp.342-343 (Inv. Nr. T8375/1922); a Shrivan, Caucasus, 1800 (372 by 158cm), Hallwylska museet (Inv. Nr. LX:I:C.c.1); Provenance: purchased by Count von Hallwyl at Ernst Stangen, Berlin, 1896, partially illustrated Ådahl, Karin, Den orientaliska mattan I Sverige, Medelhavsmuseet, Stockholm, 1998, Nr. 39; and a Kuba carpet, 18th century (389 by 173cm), Austria Auction Company, Vienna, 16 September 2014, lot 172 and a Kuba, circa 1800 (size unknown), partially illustrated, Erdmann, Kurt, Oriental Carpets, 1976, The Caucasian-Northwest Persian Carpet, pp. 45-56., fig. 111 (Private Italian Collection).  

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