Battista di Biagio Sanguigni, formerly known as the Master of 1419
- Battista di Biagio Sanguigni, formerly known as the Master of 1419
- Madonna and Child flanked by Saint John the Baptist and Saint Peter
- tempera on poplar panel, gold ground, shaped top
In 2002 both Miklós Boskovits and Lawrence Kanter assembled catalogues of Sanguigni's work and assigned between 12 and 15 works to him, ranging in date from 1410 to 1430.2 The master has long been recognised as playing an important role in the transition from the Gothicism of Lorenzo Monaco (in whose workshop he probably trained) to Fra Angelico's classicizing style, but his connection with the latter artist has only recently become all the more pertinent. When the artist was identified as Sanguigni, his connection with Fra Angelico was confirmed, since close connections between the two are documented as early as 1417. The two artists are known to have worked for the same patrons, and it appears likely that Fra Angelico was indeed influenced by the older Sanguigni whose aforementioned work now at Cleveland, and another altarpiece in the Museo Civico di San Gimignano, are considered crucial in the design of the young Fra Angelico's ground-breaking Fiesole altarpiece of San Domenico .
The present work is unpublished; on the basis of photographs Dora Sallay was the first to attribute it to the artist.3 Dr Sallay notes in particular the weightlessness of the elongated figures and the large scale of the Madonna compared with the figures of the saints as characteristic of Sanguigni's early works executed between 1410 and 1419. She notes also the elegantly folded draperies, the rich decoration and the pattern on the ground, and the idiosyncratic black delineations of the eyes of the figures as being typical of Sanquigni's style.
We are grateful to Dr Kanter for endorsing the attribution to Battista di Biagio Sanguigni on the bases of photographs.
1. Inv. no. 1954.834.
2. M. Boskovits, 'Ancora sul Maestro del 1419', Arte Cristiana, XC, no. 812, September–October 2002, pp. 332–40; L. Kanter, 'Zanobi Strozzi miniature and Battista di Biagio Sanguigni', Arte Cristiana, XC, no. 812, September–October 2002, pp. 321–331.
3. Written communication with present owners, dated 14 November 2016.