The HMS Jersey was originally a 60 gun 4th rate ship of the line launched 14 June 1736, and saw service at Cartagena in 1739. The inscription on the cup records actions during the War of Austrian Succession, the same year as Britain's humiliating defeat by French and Spanish forces at the naval Battle of Toulon. The Jersey was badly damaged in 1745, but participated in the Seven Years War and the Battle of Lagos under Admiral Edward Boscawen in 1759.
Later in the 18th century, the HMS Jersey was one of the notorious prison ships maintained by the British during the American Revolution. Anchored off New York from 1776 to 1783, she was nicknamed "Hell" for the inhumane conditions and the high death rate of its prisoners. She was abandoned and burnt when the British evacuated New York in 1783, and remains of the vessel were found in the early 20th century.
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