302
302
Francis Picabia
LE TORRENT
Estimate
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
Guaranteed Property
Guaranteed Property. The seller of lots with this symbol has been guaranteed a minimum price from one auction or a series of auctions. If every lot in a catalogue is guaranteed, the Conditions of Sale will so state and this symbol will not be used for each lot.
400,000600,000
LOT SOLD. 456,500 USD
JUMP TO LOT
302
Francis Picabia
LE TORRENT
Estimate
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol indicate that a party has provided Sotheby’s with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures that the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder or may receive a fixed fee in the event he or she is the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, the fixed fee (if applicable) for providing the irrevocable bid may be netted against the irrevocable bidder’s obligation to pay the full purchase price for the lot and the purchase price reported for the lot shall be net of such fixed fee. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. If the irrevocable bidder is advising anyone with respect to the lot, Sotheby’s requires the irrevocable bidder to disclose his or her financial interest in the lot. If an agent is advising you or bidding on your behalf with respect to a lot identified as being subject to an irrevocable bid, you should request that the agent disclose whether or not he or she has a financial interest in the lot.
Guaranteed Property
Guaranteed Property. The seller of lots with this symbol has been guaranteed a minimum price from one auction or a series of auctions. If every lot in a catalogue is guaranteed, the Conditions of Sale will so state and this symbol will not be used for each lot.
400,000600,000
LOT SOLD. 456,500 USD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale

|
New York

Francis Picabia
1879 - 1953
LE TORRENT
Oil on canvas
28 3/4 by 36 1/4 in.
73 by 92.1 cm
Painted circa 1911.
Read Condition Report Read Condition Report

Provenance

Sale: Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 31, 1926, lot 97 
Sale: Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 26, 1948, lot 136 
Sale: Hôtel Drouot, Paris, December 17, 1962, lot 77
Private Collection, Paris (and sold: Artcurial, Paris, December 17, 2001, lot 17)
Acquired at the above sale by the present owner

Exhibited

Paris, Salon d'automne or Exposition d'art contemporain, 1911 (possibly; titled Jardin)

Literature

Olga Mohler Picabia, Francis Picabia, Turin, 1975, illustrated in a photograph of the artist's studio p. 8
Francis Picabia 
(exhibition catalogue), Musée National d'art moderne, Paris, 1976, illustrated in a photograph of the artist's studio p. 59
William A. Camfield, Francis Picabia, His Art, Life and Times, Princeton, 1979, illustrated pl. 48 (titled Landscape)
Maria Lluïsa Borràs, Picabia, Paris, 1985, no. 223, illustrated p. 126 & in a photograph of the artist's studio p. 128
William A. Camfield, Beverly Calté, Candace Clements, Arnaud Pierre & Pierre Calté, Francis Picabia Catalogue Raisonné, vol. I, New Haven & London, 2014, no. 426, illustrated in color pp. 322-23

Catalogue Note

During the 1910s, Picabia sought inspiration for his paintings in the countryside surrounding Paris. His forays into the rural regions of France allowed the artist access to remote landscapes, and this subject matter persisted even as he moved away from an Impressionist style and began to embrace abstract form. According to Maria Lluïsa Borràs, "during [his] years of transition to a new, non-imitative art Picabia was still constantly to be seen at the wheel of his latest new car, driving out of Paris in search of some remote spot where he could paint in happy solitude as in the hey-day of his 'Impressionist period'" (Maria Lluïsa Borràs, op. cit., p. 88).

The bold pigments and geometric planes that Picabia has employed in Le Torrent signify the artist's shift from representational painting to abstract compositions, while the subject matter reflects his love of the local landscape near his studio. In 1911, Picabia and his wife Gabrielle moved into an apartment on the Avenue Charles Floquet, and found the space suitable to their expanding family. According to Maria Lluïsa Borràs, "This flat, at number 32 in the Avenue Charles Floquet, provided the family with a very comfortable home and there was enough room for Picabia to set up his studio on the upper floor" (ibid., p. 88; see fig. 1).

This work is thought to have been exhibited under the title Jardin at either the Salon d'automne or the Exposition d'art contemporain in 1911. This painting and Picabia's Le Ruisseau dans le montagne, share the same subject, media and dimensions and the lack of reproductions in early sale catalogues caused confusion until the 2014 publication of the first volume of the Francis Picabia Catalogue Raisonné.

Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale

|
New York