Aventurine glass, invented in Murano, was imported into China from the seventeenth century and much admired. By 1741, the Jesuit missionary Pierre Nicolas d'Incarville is recorded as having successfully created it at the Palace Workshops in the Forbidden City. Glass snuff bottles decorated with splashes of aventurine are relatively common, but it is extremely rare to find an Imperial reign-marked glass vase with such decoration. For a white glass flowerpot with similar splashes of aventurine in the Palace Museum, Beijing, see Zhang Rong, Lustre of Autumn Water. Glass of the Qing Imperial Workshop, Beijing, 2005, pl. 155.