The Fraternity, also called the Republic or Union of Peoples (1882-1908)
Exhibited in 1883, together with the plaster of Mirabeau responding to Dreux-Brézé (Petit-Palais Museum, inv. No. PPS00273), this high relief is acclaimed by visitors of what Philippe Burty will describe as " Dalou's Salon "(A. Simier, Jules Dalou, the sculptor of the Republic, exh. Cat. Petit-Palais Museum, Paris, 2013, p. 84).
Like his recent the monument to the Triumph of the Republic, Dalou crystallizes the precepts of the young Republic, for which fraternity is one of the primordial virtues. The first drafts date back to 1879, when Dalou is living his last moments in London and observing at a distance the evolutions of a country he will soon find again. The classical composition on two registers - terrestrial and celestial - is based on the Baroque Italian and Flemish altarpieces, replacing religious symbols with republican attributes. Dalou was also inspired by classical French statues - including Pierre Puget and his high relief of Alexandre and Diogène (Louvre Museum, inv. No. MR 2776) - and more contemporary models by François Rude and Jean- Baptiste Carpeaux, who was his master.
The City of Paris acquires the high relief for the Lobau Salon in the Town Hall. Interrupted by the death of Dalou, this project never came to an end. A plaster of the model is in the town hall of the 10th arrondissement and Auguste Becker, Dalou's faithful practitioner, has carved a marble after the model in 1908 (deposited at Ivry).