José Zanine Caldas was an architect and self-taught designer. Internationally recognised, he is considered a master of wood, indeed he liked to be called 'the wizard of the wood'. At the beginning of his career, he worked as a model maker for some of the country's top architects including Oscar Niemeyer, Oswaldo Bratke, Henrique Mindlin and Rino Levi. His research into materials led him to design furniture in laminated plywood. His company ‘Móveis Artísticos Z’ introduced modern furniture into Brazilian homes. From the 1960s, Caldas became involved with several furniture and architectural projects, and took an interest in issues relating to the preservation of forests, using salvaged wood for his projects. His mark was wood and the presented lot is a wonderful example of the artist’s ecological approach to design. Teased from the contours of pequi trees, it is crafted roughly. Caldas called his works ‘outcry furniture’ – in direct opposition to environmentally destructive industrial designs.