Lot 26
  • 26

Keith Haring

Estimate
4,000,000 - 6,000,000 USD
Sold
6,537,500 USD
bidding is closed

Description

  • Keith Haring
  • Untitled
  • acrylic on vinyl tarpaulin with metal grommets

Provenance

Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York
Private Collection (acquired from the above in 1982)
Private Collection, Switzerland
Acquired by the present owner from the above

Exhibited

New York, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Keith Haring, October - November 1982, p. 48, illustrated in color
New York, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Keith Haring / Jean Michel Basquiat, December 1990 - February 1991
New York, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Keith Haring Early Paintings, September - October 1994
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Keith Haring, June - September 1997, p. 139, illustrated in color
New York, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, Keith Haring: Paintings, Sculpture, Objects & Drawings, November 2005 - March 2006
Lyon, Musée d'Art Contemporain; and Budapest, Ludwig Museum, Keith Haring, February - November 2008, p. 147, illustrated in color
Paris, Musée d'Art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Keith Haring: The Political Line, April - August 2013, p. 251, no. 92, illustrated in color
San Francisco, de Young Museum, Keith Haring: The Political Line, November 2014 - February 2015, p. 171, no. 131, illustrated in color
New York, Jeffrey Deitch and Suzanne Geiss, Keith Haring: Bombs and Dogs, November - December 2015

Literature

Alexandra Kolossa, Keith Haring 1958-1990: A Life for Art, Cologne, 2004, p. 41, illustrated in color

Catalogue Note

Monumental in its scale and vibrant black-white-red chromatic simplicity, Keith Haring’s Untitled from 1982 is a viscerally-charged testament to his use of pop vernacular and his enduring interest in political activism. Like his contemporary compatriots Jean-Michel Basquiat and Andy Warhol, Keith Haring was driven by a deep-rooted personal desire to serve as a narrator of the modern age. With Basquiat, Haring shared the kitsch, gritty origins of a street artist trained in the language of graffiti and tagging; with Warhol, he shared an interest in appropriating icons of socio-political ideals through reproduction and mass proliferation. Synergizing the tabulated code of graffiti, Haring positions himself as the artist-provocateur--responsible for speaking out against inequity, warning against oppression, and connecting with a public audience on issues such as AIDS, racism, mass-media, ecological preservation, or nuclear technology. Having grown up in the 1960s as part of a generation exposed to counterculture, the Vietnam War, and race riots, Haring cultivated a self-proclaimed social consciousness that inevitably seeped into the fabric of his art. Saturated in Haring's most iconic symbols, including the radiant baby, barking dogs, angels, and red Xs, Untitled bears witness to Haring’s deceptively naïve symbolic language, which became the activist compelling vocabulary through which he sought to impart political disquietude.

 

Untitled epitomizes Haring’s inimitable aptitude for conveying pulsating movement through forms distilled to their most basic, essential components. Haring’s confident hand draws bold, self-assured strokes, eschewing a pre-meditated schematic plan for spontaneous genius; never erasing or reworking, Haring’s virtuosic gestural ingenuity flows directly through his brush onto the canvas. Unmistakably charged by the explosion in the painting’s epicenter, the present work harnesses the conceptual framework of a “blast” to comment on parallel outbreaks within the cultural and political lexicon of Haring’s current day. Of utmost importance to Haring during this time was the concept of technological revolution, which precipitated conflicting feelings of awe-struck beguilement and trepidation, and is most immediately referenced through Haring’s attentiveness to the thunderous growth of 1980s computer and television culture and the consequential implications of mass media in a rapidly globalizing society. Having long viewed himself as a child of the atomic age, the present work furthermore describes Haring’s fears over humanity’s increasing use of nuclear power and recalls the famous nuclear disarmament rally that Haring organized in Central Park in 1982. As interpreted through Haring’s rapid intertwinement and fascination with the polemic social and political absorptions of the early 80s, the present work thus manifests a crucial representation of Haring’s preoccupation with cultural ‘explosions.’ The amplitude of Haring’s energized linear framework in the present work specifically underscores the notion of technological growth leading to exponential expansion of the mind and brain, practically toward utter explosion. For Haring at this precise cultural moment, the mind was becoming progressively less dependent on its own faculties, while increasingly overtaken by technological advancement.

 

In Untitled, the crawling baby centered in the heart of the composition is Haring’s most famous “tag,” or logo, that has become a synonymous representation of Haring himself. With rays emanating from around its body, this figure is known as the “radiant baby,” symbolizing youthful innocence, purity, goodness, and potential. Haring’s larger than life dog figures bark at each other from opposite ends of the lower portion of the canvas, resembling contemporary reimaginations of the half-human half-jackal Egyptian deity Anubis, and formally emulating the ancient iconography that depicted figures within narratives as two-dimensionally flattened and walking linearly in side profile. By placing two barking dogs beneath the baby and two angels above the baby, Haring delineates a clear distinction between symbols good and evil, paralleling the visual representation of heaven and hell in the verticality of the composition. The recurring barking dogs stand for authoritarian government, abuse of power, police force, and oppressive regimes; opposite the dogs, the celestial angels underscore Haring’s joyous embrace of life and hope for salvation. In the intermittent space between the angels and dogs, Haring uses a combined proliferation of wavy lines and red Xs to suggest a confrontational link between the two zones. Metaphorical allusions to heaven and hell remained a critical theme throughout Haring’s work, reflecting the artist’s ceaseless preoccupation with life and death. Substantiating his many references to heaven and hell, as particularly evident in the present work, there is an underlying “background of questions about the meaning of life in the face of power, fear, misery, illness, and in the end the absurdity of death. Fluctuation between hope and hopelessness did not allow his creative energy to flag, but spurred him on, as far as it was possible, to paint not only against the hell of others but also against his own decline.” (Ralph Melcher, Exh. Cat., Freiburg and Rotterdam, Keith Haring: Heaven and Hell, 2001, p. 20)

 

This vibrant painting is notable for its exceptionally sumptuous drips, as cascades of fluid ink and acrylic exude from Haring’s red Xs and white linear flourishes. While Haring here deploys similar forms as in his formative subway chalk drawings, the expressive joie de vivre of the drips juxtaposed with the hard-edged lines of his archetypal bold shapes exemplify Haring’s mastery over the painterly medium, bridging his Pop language with the critical gravitas of Abstract Expressionism. Just as we can visualize Pollock vigorously taking paint to canvas, revealing his heroic genius with every gestural flair, Untitled analogously conjures Haring’s performance of painting—the ineluctable motion of the image parallels Haring’s own instinctive, primal dance with brush and canvas. Energetically and poignantly expressing Haring's concern for the state of the world, in spite of his own ill-fated sentence, the present work is an ever-relevant socio-political directive in today’s modern age, serving as a tragically beautiful summation of the artist’s insistence on freedom, the virtue of humanity, and hope for deliverance.

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