Antoine Louis Henri Polier was born in Lausanne in Switzerland in 1741 and began his career as a surveyor in the East India Company in 1758. By 1762 Polier had become Chief Engineer of the Bengal Army in Calcutta and Chief Architect for the Kingdom of Oudh, working within the Court of Nawab Shuja al-Daula. During his time in India, Polier collected a number of Persian and Sanskrit manuscripts and miniatures. Polier commissioned works, establishing a studio in Faizabad with Mihr Chand as the chief artist, and assembled at least twelve albums of paintings and calligraphy. For further discussion of Polier and his albums see Roy in Markel and with Gude, India's Fabled City, The Art of Courtly Lucknow, Los Angeles, 2011, pp.176-181 (where further examples are illustrated); Harris, 'Archibald Swinton: a new source of albums of Indian miniatures in William Beckford’s collection',The Burlington Magazine, Vol. CXLIII, Number 1179, June 2001, pp.360-6; Hickman & Enderlein: Indische Albumblatte, Leipzig 1979, cat nos.1,11, 21, 39, 43 and 51). Other Polier leaves were sold in these rooms 6 October 2010, lots 80 and 81; 15 June, 2010, lot 5; 8 October 2014, lots 270-272. For a series of Polier Album portraits comparable to the present example see Weber, Portrats und Historisches Darstellungen in der Miniaturensammlung des Museums fur Indisches Kunst, Berlin, Berlin, 1982, pp.364-446.
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