38
38
A waqfnama bearing the tughra of Sultan Bayezid II (r.1481-1512 AD), Turkey, Ottoman, dated 897 AH/1491 AD
Estimate
50,00070,000
LOT SOLD. 62,500 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
38
A waqfnama bearing the tughra of Sultan Bayezid II (r.1481-1512 AD), Turkey, Ottoman, dated 897 AH/1491 AD
Estimate
50,00070,000
LOT SOLD. 62,500 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Arts of the Islamic World

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A waqfnama bearing the tughra of Sultan Bayezid II (r.1481-1512 AD), Turkey, Ottoman, dated 897 AH/1491 AD
Arabic manuscript on paper, 44 lines to the page, written in diwani script in black ink, surmounted by a large tughra in black sprinkled in gold, with lacquer box and leather pouch
140 by 26cm.
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Catalogue Note

The text
This waqfnama (vakifname) states the endowment (waqf) of numerous properties in the Sindirqi and Balikesir districts in the Marmara region, by Sitti Nefise Hatun. From the proceeds of the waqf stipends are to be paid for twelve people to recite prayers for Sitti Nefise Hatun after her death, and for the imam and the preacher in the congregational mosque in Sindirqi; money will also be set aside for candles and mosque lamps, for a stipend for a memoriser of the Qur’an (hafiz), for someone to recite praise of the Prophet Muhammad, and for an annual celebration of the Prophet’s birth in which food is to be dispensed to the poor, scholars and the upright. It stipulates that her eldest son and his descendants are to become the administrators of the waqf after her death, and should his line die out, then it should pass to that of the next son, and then her daughter etc. It is stipulated that the administrator is to receive ten dirhams a day.

The waqf is dated beginning of Muharram 897 AH/November 1491 AD.
At the top of the page is the tughra of Bayezid Ibn Mehmed (Bayezid II). Beneath the tughra the document is certified as being legal by a Qasim Ibn ‘Umar and by Mahmud ibn Shaykh Muhammad, the qadi of Bursa.

The donor
Sitti Nefise Hatun was the daughter of Timurtaşoğlu Oruç Pasha, governor-general of Anatolia under Sultan Murad II and the first wife of the famous Ottoman commander Zaganos Pasha (d.1462 or 1469). Zaganos Pasha, originally a Christian who converted through the devsirme system, became one of the highest ranking officers during the reign of Mehmed II, living with Mehmed in Manisa between 1446 and 1451 when he assumed the post of second vizir. He was a key figure during the conquest of Costantinople (1453 AD), as attested by the generous zeamet donated to him in December 1453 AD (see Christie’s, London, 11 April 2000, lot 53).

At the time the waqf was made, Sitti Nefise Hatun was a widow. In the waqf she mentions the two sons Mehmed Bey and Ali Celebi, along with her daughter, who married Sultan Mehmed II in 1451 (but divorced in 1453).

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