178
178
A steel and silver-gilt long-bladed gauntlet sword (pata), Southern India, late 17th century
Estimate
20,00030,000
LOT SOLD. 25,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
178
A steel and silver-gilt long-bladed gauntlet sword (pata), Southern India, late 17th century
Estimate
20,00030,000
LOT SOLD. 25,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Arts of the Islamic World

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London

A steel and silver-gilt long-bladed gauntlet sword (pata), Southern India, late 17th century
the gauntlet, chiselled, pierced and silvered with raised floral scrolls divided into zones by high-relief chevron-pattern and beaded borders, the grip beneath the knuckle-guard consisting of an iron bar at right angles to the long, tapering, double-edged European steel blade, a metal wrist strap or loop with bud finials holds the lower arm securely in the gauntlet, the firangi blade engraved with letters HDAP SMOV (?), with modern display stand
132cm.
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Provenance

Ex-collection Stuart Cary Welch (1928-2008).
Sotheby's London, The Stuart Cary Welch Collection, Part One: Arts of the Islamic World, 6 April 2011, lot 138.

Catalogue Note

A comparable pata in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (acc. no.36.25.1565) is attributed by Robert Elgood to the late seventeenth century (Elgood 2004, p.98, no.8.62). A further related example attributed to "Southern India" is in the National Museum, Copenhagen (inv. no. D.866), see Rawson 1967, p.89, no.32.

The straight-bladed pata was unique to Indian arms, since it contained a gauntlet attached to the hilt, however Father Monserrate notes that emperor Akbar was very fond of European blades (Elgood 2004, p.245). The word firangi or fran, derived from the English 'Frank' and has been used in the Muslim world since the medieval period to refer to all Europeans regardless of their nationality. Yet from the sixteenth century onwards, its meaning shifted to denote anything 'foreign', both men and objects. Here, it refers to sword blades, which may have been imported from Europe (Italy, Portugal or Germany) or made in India in the European style.

Arts of the Islamic World

|
London