148
148
A Safavid engraved qibla-indicator with compass, signed by Muhammad Khalil ibn Hasan 'Ali, Persia, dated 1080 AH/1669 AD
Estimate
35,00045,000
JUMP TO LOT
148
A Safavid engraved qibla-indicator with compass, signed by Muhammad Khalil ibn Hasan 'Ali, Persia, dated 1080 AH/1669 AD
Estimate
35,00045,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Arts of the Islamic World

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London

A Safavid engraved qibla-indicator with compass, signed by Muhammad Khalil ibn Hasan 'Ali, Persia, dated 1080 AH/1669 AD
circular form with hinged lid, incised with inscriptions, some bands with punched grounds, the interior with glass frame and compass below with inscribed names of locations, metal frame above with needle and sundial
1.8cm. height
6.5cm. diam.
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Catalogue Note

inscriptions

‘The needy Muhammad Khalil son of Hasan ‘Ali made it 1080 AH (1669 AD)’

The qibla, or sacred direction towards the Ka'aba in Mecca, was particularly researched in Safavid Persia. More treatises on the determination of the qibla were compiled and more instruments for finding the qibla were constructed under the Safavids than in any period of Muslim history. This compass shows the qibla for a few specific cities, including Mecca, Medina and Najaf (For similar examples see: King, World-Maps, passim, esp. pp.134-8 and 545).

The well-known astrolabe maker Muhammad Khalili ibn Hasan 'Ali was a member of the prolific school of instrument-making that flourished in seventeeth-century Isfahan. He is known by some two dozen astrolabes, including two fine and large examples sold in these rooms, 8 October 2008, lot 169, and 7 October 2015, lot 326.

Arts of the Islamic World

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London