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Details & Cataloguing

Collection Alain & Candice Fraiberger

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Paris

César
1921 - 1998
TUBES
signed
welded iron
195 x 108 x 51 cm; 76 3/4 x 42 1/2 x 20 1/16 in.
Executed in 1959, this work is unique.
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This work is registered in the archives of Mrs Denyse Durand-Ruel under number 282.

Provenance

Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris
Private collection, Italy (acquired from the above circa 1960, thence by descent)
Sale: Sotheby's London, Contemporary  Art Part I, 26 June 1997, lot 5
Private Collection (acquired from the above sale)
Collection Jean Albou, Paris
Sale: Artcurial Paris, Collection Jean Albou, 29 January 2008, lot 6
Collection Alain & Candice Fraiberger

Exhibited

Paris, Galerie Claude Bernard, César, 1959
Luxembourg, Centre Culturel français, Banque Internationale Dexia, Hommage à César, 2000; catalogue, p. 38, illustrated
Villetaneuse, César Villetaneuse 1999-2000, Villetaneuse-souvenirs, 2000; catalogue, p. 30, illustrated
Monaco, Forum Grimaldi; Nice, MAMAC, Galerie contemporaine du Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, César, l'instinct du fer, 1946-1966, des premiers fers aux compressions, 2002 - 2003; catalogue, pp. 82, 83
Biarritz, Crypte Sainte Eugénie, César, l'instinct du fer, 1946-1966, des premiers fers aux compressions, 2005

Literature

Denyse Durand-Ruel, CésarCatalogue Raisonné, Volume I, 1947-1964, Paris, 1994, p. 245, no. 282, illustrated

Catalogue Note

César is not the first to use steel: Picasso and Gonzalez did so before him. But the way in which he worked it, assembled and sculpted it thanks to the new technique of arc welding which gave more flexibility and which was not known to his elders, is unique. César questions the relationship between the volume and the surface to such an extent that Tubes resembles a painting without being one. Masterful.

Collection Alain & Candice Fraiberger

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Paris