Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder
- Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder
- Still life of flowers in a Berkemeijer glass beaker decorated with raspberry prunts, including red and white parrot tulips, a white rose with a butterfuly and a pink rose, marigolds, lily-of-the-valley, forget-me-not and violets, with a sprig of rosemary and a fly on the shelf beneath
- signed with the monogram AB (lower right)
- oil on copper, the reverse stamped with the mark of the maker Pieter Stas
His estate sale: Sotheby's, London, 25th June 1969, lot 19, for £30,000
Private Collection, Switzerland (purchased at the above sale)
Johnny van Haeften, London (acquired from the above in 1995)
Acquired from the above by the father of the present owner in 1996
We are grateful to Fred G. Meijer of the Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD) in The Hague for suggesting a date of execution to around 1608-10 for this painting. Such a dating can be supported by comparison with other extant still-lifes from the same period, for example a Still life with flowers in a vase and shell, probably from 1608-10 sold Zurich, Koller, 19 September 2008, lot 3014 (SFR 5,700,000) and later with Johnny van Haeften in London.2 The variegated cyclamen leaf to the lower right is a frequent motif in Bosschaert’s work, and can be found again, for example, in an earlier work of around 1606-8 sold in these Rooms, 6 July 2000, lot 56, together with the butterfly alighting on the white rose on the left of this picture, and the small yellow ranunculus beneath it. Similarly the rose, butterfly, lily-of-the-valley and the pink rose between them are all to be found in another earlier but rather smaller copper panel of 1608, formerly in the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, and sold New York, Sotheby’s, 10 November 2014, lot 33 ($4.64 million). Another comparable but slightly later copper depicting Roses, tulips and other flowers in a glass vase of circa 1612-14 was formerly with Galerie Sanct Lucas in Vienna.3 Here we find the same balanced colour scheme, with the vivid reds and yellows of the tulips offset by the cooler tones of the pinks and whites of the roses. The arrangement of lily-of-the-valley, forget-me-nots and a yellow ranunculus at the base of the bouquet is very similar in both works. As with each of these works, pride of place in the composition is given to the magnificent variegated tulips in the centre and right of the bouquet. Tulips had only been cultivated in the Low Countries for a few decades at this date and were extremely rare and expensive flowers, most likely far too costly for Bosschaert to have owned many examples himself. Although such pictures were no doubt intended by Bosschaert and his viewers to be read as celebrations of the abundance and variety of divine creation, the presence of the butterfly and the fly in the picture (both common motifs in Bosschaert’s paintings) serve to remind the spectator of the brevity and vanity of life on earth.
In common with these other works, this still life was painted in Middelburg, the prosperous capital of Zeeland, where Bosschaert and his family had moved for reasons of religious persecution around 1587. He seems to have taken up flower painting rather late in life, around the age of thirty, and he is recorded as both a painter and a dealer and served as Dean of the Painters’ Guild of Saint Luke on several occasions. The majority of his working life was spent here, helped no doubt by the fact that Middleburg was then a city where floriculture was enthusiastically pursued, and where rare and exotic species of plant were collected and studied. Bosschaert was to remain there until 1614, when he moved again via Amsterdam and Bergen-op-Zoom to Utrecht. His following was larger in the latter city, where his sons Ambrosius the Younger and Abraham were both active as still-life painters, as indeed was his son-in-law, Balthasar van der Ast. A document of 1619 recording a civil case for debt between Bosschaert and a certain Ludolf von Lintsenich provides us with an idea of the prices charged by him for such pictures: ‘ ….for a painting of a large flower pot £33:6:8…for two other pieces with flowers, both in ebony frames, equal to the sum of £33:6:8 (200 guilders)’. Bosschaert finally died in The Hague in 1621, apparently in the process of delivering a painting made for the butler of Prince Maurits. By this date his pioneering still life paintings had become enormously influential and would continue to remain so until the middle of the century.
1. For Bosschaert’s use of Peter Stas as a maker of copper panels see J. Wadum, ' Antwerp copper plates', in Copper as canvas, exhibition catalogue Phoenix, Phoenix Art Museum, Kansas City, Nelson Atkins Museum of Art, The Hague, Mauritshuis, 1998-1999, pp. 107, 109-10.
2. The last digit of the date is indistinct and has been read variously as 1608, 1610 or 1612.
3. Copper 25.1 x 17.1 cm. L.J. Bol, The Bosschaert Dynasty, Leigh-on-Sea 1960, p. 61, no. 16.